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Fiscal Policy and Inflation: Understanding the Role of Expectations in Mexico

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  • López-Martín Bernabé
  • Ramírez de Aguilar Alberto
  • Sámano Daniel

Abstract

This paper estimates a hidden Markov model where inflation is determined by government deficits financed through money creation and by expectations dynamics. The baseline model, proposed by Sargent et al. (2009) is able to distinguish between causes and remedies of hyperinflation, such as persistent or transitory shocks to fiscal deficits, and the de-anchoring of inflation expectations. The estimated sequence of monetized deficits provides an adequate account of inflation for the period 196994. The paper then extends the model to analyze the possibility that fiscal policy can affect inflation expectations in a context of Central Bank independence, as is the case of Mexico after 1994. Evidence is found that the exchange rate and sovereign interest rate spreads influence the evolution of inflation.

Suggested Citation

  • López-Martín Bernabé & Ramírez de Aguilar Alberto & Sámano Daniel, 2018. "Fiscal Policy and Inflation: Understanding the Role of Expectations in Mexico," Working Papers 2018-18, Banco de México.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdm:wpaper:2018-18
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    Cited by:

    1. Ramos Francia Manuel & García-Verdú Santiago & Sánchez-Martínez Manuel, 2018. "Inflation Dynamics under Fiscal Deficit Regime Switching in Mexico," Working Papers 2018-21, Banco de México.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Inflation; Inflation Expectations; Fiscal Deficit;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • E42 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Monetary Sytsems; Standards; Regimes; Government and the Monetary System
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E63 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Comparative or Joint Analysis of Fiscal and Monetary Policy; Stabilization; Treasury Policy

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