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Earnings Management and Culture Values

Author

Listed:
  • Kurt A. Desender

    ()

  • Sergio A. Escamilla de Leon

    ()

  • Christian E. Castro

    () (Business and Economics Department - Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona)

Abstract

Using theory and empirical data from social psychology to measure for cultural differences between countries, we study the effect of individualism as defined by Hofstede (1980) and egalitarianism as defined by Schwartz (1994, 1999, 2004) on earnings management. We find a significant influence of both cultural measures. In line with Licht et al. (2004), who argue that individualistic societies may be less susceptible to corruption, we find that countries scoring high on individualism tend to have lower levels of earnings management. In addition, we find that egalitarianism, defined as a society's cultural orientation with respect to intolerance for abuses of market and political power, is negatively related with earnings management. Our results are robust to different specifications and controls. The main message of this paper is that besides formal institutions, cultural differences are relevant to explain earnings management behaviour. We think that our work adds to the understanding of the importance of cultural values in managerial behaviour across countries contributing to the literature on earnings management and law and institutions.

Suggested Citation

  • Kurt A. Desender & Sergio A. Escamilla de Leon & Christian E. Castro, 2006. "Earnings Management and Culture Values," Working Papers 0801, Departament Empresa, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, revised Nov 2007.
  • Handle: RePEc:bbe:wpaper:0801
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Claudia Nadler & Wolfgang Breuer, 2019. "Cultural Finance as a research field: an evaluative survey," Journal of Business Economics, Springer, vol. 89(2), pages 191-220, March.
    2. Houqe, Muhammad Nurul & Monem, Reza M. & Tareq, Mohammad & van Zijl, Tony, 2016. "Secrecy and the impact of mandatory IFRS adoption on earnings quality in Europe," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 40(PB), pages 476-490.
    3. Huong Dieu Dang, 2018. "National Culture and Corporate Rating Migrations," Risks, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 6(4), pages 1-27, November.
    4. Costel Istrate & Bogdan Robu Ioan, 2014. "L'Analyse De L'Influence Des Composants Des Etats Financiers Sur La Capitalisation Boursière Des Entreprises Roumaines, Dans Les Conditions De La Crise," Post-Print hal-01899159, HAL.
    5. Halabi, Hussein & Alshehabi, Ahmad & Zakaria, Idlan, 2019. "Informal institutions and managers’ earnings management choices: Evidence from IFRS-adopting countries," Journal of Contemporary Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 15(3).
    6. Rabeb RIAHI, 2017. "Pratique de gestion des résultats et culture nationale. Quel lien ?," Journal of Academic Finance, RED research unit, university of Gabes, Tunisia, vol. 8(2), December.
    7. Lewellyn, Krista B. & Bao, Shuji 'Rosey', 2017. "The role of national culture and corruption on managing earnings around the world," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 52(6), pages 798-808.
    8. Holderness, Clifford G., 2017. "Culture and the ownership concentration of public corporations around the world," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 469-486.
    9. Ugrin, Joseph C. & Mason, Terry W. & Emley, Anna, 2017. "Culture's consequence: The relationship between income-increasing earnings management and IAS/IFRS adoption across cultures," Advances in accounting, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 140-151.
    10. Huong Dang, 2014. "How dimensions of national culture and institutional characteristics influence sovereign rating migration dynamics," ZenTra Working Papers in Transnational Studies 42 / 2014, ZenTra - Center for Transnational Studies.
    11. Singgih Wijayana & Sidney J. Gray, 2019. "Institutional Factors and Earnings Management in the Asia-Pacific: Is IFRS Adoption Making a Difference?," Management International Review, Springer, vol. 59(2), pages 307-334, April.
    12. Jiandong Ren & Kristina Sendova & Ričardas Zitikis, 2019. "Special Issue “Risk, Ruin and Survival: Decision Making in Insurance and Finance”," Risks, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 7(3), pages 1-7, September.
    13. Wijayana, Singgih & Gray, Sidney J., 2018. "Capital market consequences of cultural influences on earnings: The case of cross-listed firms in the U.S. stock market," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 134-147.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Culture; Earnings Management; Informal Institutions; quality of financial information; Indicidualism; Egalitarianism.;

    JEL classification:

    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • G34 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Mergers; Acquisitions; Restructuring; Corporate Governance
    • K22 - Law and Economics - - Regulation and Business Law - - - Business and Securities Law
    • K4 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior
    • Z13 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Language; Social and Economic Stratification

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