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Wholly Owned Subsidiary Versus Technology Licensing in the Worldwide Chemical Industry

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  • Ashish Arora

    (Carnegie Mellon University)

  • Andrea Fosfuri

    (Universidad Carlos II de Madrid)

Abstract

This paper empirically analyzes the determinants of the choice between wholly owned subsidiary and technology licensing as a strategy for expansion abroad. We use a new and comprehensive database on worldwide plant level investments in the chemical industry during the 1981 – 1991 period. We find that both cultural distance and the presence of other potential licensors favor the use of licensing as a strategy for expanding abroad, whereas, prior experience favors the choice of wholly owned subsidiary. An implication of this study is that competition in the market for technology can foster the international diffusion of technology through the use of arm's length agreements.© 2000 JIBS. Journal of International Business Studies (2000) 31, 555–572

Suggested Citation

  • Ashish Arora & Andrea Fosfuri, 2000. "Wholly Owned Subsidiary Versus Technology Licensing in the Worldwide Chemical Industry," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 31(4), pages 555-572, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:pal:jintbs:v:31:y:2000:i:4:p:555-572
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