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The redistributive effects of bank capital regulation

Author

Listed:
  • Elena Carletti
  • Roberto Marquez
  • Silvio Petriconi

Abstract

We build a general equilibrium model of banks’ optimal capital structure, where bankruptcy is costly and investors have heterogenous endowments and incur a cost for participating in equity markets. We show that banks raise both deposits and equity, and that investors are willing to hold equity only if adequately compensated. We then introduce (binding) capital requirements and show that: (i) it distorts investment away from productive projects toward storage; or (ii) it widens the spread between the returns to equity and to deposits. These results hold also when we extend the model to incorporate various rationales justifying capital regulation.

Suggested Citation

  • Elena Carletti & Roberto Marquez & Silvio Petriconi, 2018. "The redistributive effects of bank capital regulation," BAFFI CAREFIN Working Papers 18102, BAFFI CAREFIN, Centre for Applied Research on International Markets Banking Finance and Regulation, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, Italy.
  • Handle: RePEc:baf:cbafwp:cbafwp18102
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Anatoli Segura & Alonso Villacorta, 2020. "Demand for safety, risky loans: A model of securitization," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 1260, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    limited market participation; bank capital structure; capital regulation; investor returns;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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