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Inequality, stock market participation, and the equity premium

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  • Favilukis, Jack

Abstract

The last 30 years saw substantial increases in wealth inequality and stock market participation, smaller increases in consumption inequality and the fraction of indebted households, a decline in interest rates and the expected equity premium, as well as a prolonged stock market boom. In an incomplete markets, overlapping generations model I jointly explain these trends by the observed rise in wage inequality, decrease in participation costs, and loosening of borrowing constraints. After accounting for these changes, I show that the stock market played a major role in increasing wealth inequality. Crucially, these phenomena must be considered jointly; studying one independently leads to counterfactual predictions about others.

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  • Favilukis, Jack, 2013. "Inequality, stock market participation, and the equity premium," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 107(3), pages 740-759.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jfinec:v:107:y:2013:i:3:p:740-759
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jfineco.2012.10.008
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    Cited by:

    1. Kosuke Aoki & Alexander Michaelides & Kalin Nikolov, 2016. "Household Portfolios in a Secular Stagnation World: Evidence from Japan," Bank of Japan Working Paper Series 16-E-4, Bank of Japan.
    2. Gunnar Gutsche & Bernhard Zwergel, 2016. "Information barriers and SRI market participation – Can sustainability and transparency labels help?," MAGKS Papers on Economics 201624, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, Department of Economics (Volkswirtschaftliche Abteilung).
    3. Marcin Kacperczyk & Jaromir B. Nosal & Luminita Stevens, 2014. "Investor Sophistication and Capital Income Inequality," NBER Working Papers 20246, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Felipe S. Iachan & Plamen T. Nenov & Alp Simsek, 2015. "The Choice Channel of Financial Innovation," NBER Working Papers 21686, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Pástor, Lˇuboš & Veronesi, Pietro, 2016. "Income inequality and asset prices under redistributive taxation," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 81(C), pages 1-20.
    6. Das, Sreyoshi & Kuhnen, Camelia & Nagel, Stefan, 2017. "Socioeconomic Status and Macroeconomic Expectations," CEPR Discussion Papers 12464, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    7. repec:vul:omefvu:v:8:y:2017:i:2:id:234 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. repec:bla:revinw:v:63:y:2017:i:1:p:169-188 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Sydney Ludvigson & Stijn Van Nieuwerburgh & Jack Favilukis, 2012. "Foreign Ownership of U.S. Safe Assets: Good or Bad?," 2012 Meeting Papers 297, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    10. repec:vul:omefvu:v:9:y:2017:i:2:id:234 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Christina Christou & Rangan Gupta & Fredj Jawadi, 2017. "Does Inequality Help in Forecasting Equity Premium in a Panel of G7 Countries?," Working Papers 201720, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
    12. repec:eee:eecrev:v:103:y:2018:i:c:p:39-59 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Inequality; Asset returns; Stock market participation;

    JEL classification:

    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates

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