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Deposits and Bank Capital Structure

  • Franklin Allen
  • Elena Carletti

In a model with bankruptcy costs and segmented deposit and equity markets, we endogenize the choice of bank and firm capital structure and the cost of equity and deposit finance. Despite risk neutrality, equity capital is more costly than deposits. When banks directly finance risky investments, they hold positive capital and diversify. When they make risky loans to firms, banks trade off the high cost of equity with the diversification benefits from a lower bankruptcy probability. When bankruptcy costs are high, banks use no capital and only lend to one sector. When these are low, banks hold capital and diversify.

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Paper provided by European University Institute in its series Economics Working Papers with number ECO2013/03.

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Date of creation: 2013
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Handle: RePEc:eui:euiwps:eco2013/03
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