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Effects of Corruption on Efficiency of the European Airports

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  • Randrianarisoa, Laingo M.
  • Bolduc, Denis
  • Choo, Yap Yin
  • Oum, Tae H.
  • Yan, Jia

Abstract

The effect of corruption on airport productive efficiency is analyzed using an unbalanced panel data of major European airports from 2003 to 2009. We first compute the residual (or net) variable factor productivity using the multilateral index number method and then apply robust cluster random effects model in order to evaluate the importance of corruption. We find strong evidence that corruption has negative impacts on airport operating efficiency; and the effects depend on the ownership form of the airport. The results suggest that airports under mixed public-private ownership with private majority achieve lower levels of efficiency when located in more corrupt countries. They even operate less efficiently than fully and/or majority government owned airports in high corruption environment. We control for economic regulation, competition level and other airports’ characteristics. Our empirical results survive several robustness checks including different control variables, three alternative corruption measures: International Country Risk Guide (ICRG) corruption index, Corruption Perception Index (CPI) and Control of Corruption Index (CCI). The empirical findings have important policy implications for management and ownership structuring of airports operating in countries that suffer from higher levels of corruption.

Suggested Citation

  • Randrianarisoa, Laingo M. & Bolduc, Denis & Choo, Yap Yin & Oum, Tae H. & Yan, Jia, 2015. "Effects of Corruption on Efficiency of the European Airports," Working Papers 198161, University of Laval, Center for Research on the Economics of the Environment, Agri-food, Transports and Energy (CREATE).
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:ulavwp:198161
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.198161
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    2. Kyriacou, Andreas P. & Muinelo-Gallo, Leonel & Roca-Sagalés, Oriol, 2019. "The efficiency of transport infrastructure investment and the role of government quality: An empirical analysis," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 93-102.
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    4. Brzić, Barbara & Dabić, Marina & Kukura, Frane & Podobnik, Boris, 2021. "The effects of corruption and the fraction of private ownership on the productivity of telecommunication companies," Technology in Society, Elsevier, vol. 65(C).
    5. Philipp Kunz & Richard Pospisil, 2020. "Comparison of German and Czech Public Procurement System and Economic Impacts," European Research Studies Journal, European Research Studies Journal, vol. 0(1), pages 41-54.
    6. Liu, Shuli & Wan, Yulai & Ha, Hun-Koo & Yoshida, Yuichiro & Zhang, Anming, 2019. "Impact of high-speed rail network development on airport traffic and traffic distribution: Evidence from China and Japan," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 127(C), pages 115-135.
    7. VikniswariVija Kumaran* & Yew Yao Xi & Fan Sui Feng & Ho Xiao Jin & MakKah Weng & Teh Chun Pin & Shelena Soosay Nathan, 2018. "Measuring the Technical Efficiency of Oceania Continent Airports: Does Workload Unit Matters?," The Journal of Social Sciences Research, Academic Research Publishing Group, pages 1120-1124:6.

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    Keywords

    International Relations/Trade; Public Economics;

    JEL classification:

    • L93 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Air Transportation
    • R40 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - General
    • H00 - Public Economics - - General - - - General

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