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Corruption and Economic Efficiency: Panel Data Evidence


  • George Emm Halkos
  • Nickolaos Tzeremes


This paper investigates empirically the effect of corruption on countries' economic efficiency. By using a sample of 79 countries for the time period 2000-2006 the paper applies DEA window analysis and econometric panel data techniques. The results reveal that there is a U-shaped relationship between countries' corruption perception levels and economic efficiency. Furthermore, it appears that corruption has a negative effect on countries' economic efficiency. For the first time the turning points of such a relationship are being produced indicating that on average terms and regardless of countries' economic structure, Corruption Perception Index (CPI) above five initiate a positive effect on a countries' economic efficiency.

Suggested Citation

  • George Emm Halkos & Nickolaos Tzeremes, 2010. "Corruption and Economic Efficiency: Panel Data Evidence," Global Economic Review, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 39(4), pages 441-454.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:glecrv:v:39:y:2010:i:4:p:441-454
    DOI: 10.1080/1226508X.2010.533854

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    Cited by:

    1. Joshua Sunday Riti & Happy Daniel Gubak, 2021. "Nexus of Corruption Control and Economic Development in African Least Corrupt Countries," Journal of Contemporary Research in Social Sciences, Michael Laurence, vol. 3(1), pages 1-10.
    2. Halkos, George & Tzeremes, Nickolaos, 2011. "A conditional full frontier modelling for analyzing environmental efficiency and economic growth," MPRA Paper 32839, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Chang, Chong-Chuo, 2023. "The impact of quality of institutions on firm performance: A global analysis," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 83(C), pages 694-716.
    4. Randrianarisoa, Laingo Manitra & Bolduc, Denis & Choo, Yap Yin & Oum, Tae Hoon & Yan, Jia, 2015. "Effects of corruption on efficiency of the European airports," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 79(C), pages 65-83.
    5. Tran Quang Tuyen & Vu Van Huong & Doan Thanh Tinh & Tran Duc Hiep, 2016. "Corruption, provincial institutions and manufacturing firm productivity.New evidence from a transitional economy," Estudios de Economia, University of Chile, Department of Economics, vol. 43(2 Year 20), pages 199-215, December.
    6. Graziano Abrate & Fabrizio Erbetta & Giovanni Fraquelli & Davide Vannoni, 2015. "The cost of corruption in the Italian solid waste industry," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 24(2), pages 439-465.
    7. repec:tur:wpapnw:4 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Irina Ervits & Malgorzata Zmuda, 2018. "A cross-country comparison of the effects of institutions on internationally oriented innovation," Journal of International Entrepreneurship, Springer, vol. 16(4), pages 486-503, December.
    9. Buia, Raluca E. & Molinari, M. Cristina, 2012. "Corruption and positive selection in privatization," Research in Economics, Elsevier, vol. 66(4), pages 297-304.
    10. Maria Cristina Molinari, 2011. "Corruption in Privatization and Governance Regimes," Working Papers 2011_28, Department of Economics, University of Venice "Ca' Foscari".
    11. Huong Vu & Tuyen Quang Tran & Tuan Nguyen & Steven Lim, 2018. "Corruption, Types of Corruption and Firm Financial Performance: New Evidence from a Transitional Economy," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 148(4), pages 847-858, April.
    12. Pejman Peykani & Jafar Gheidar-Kheljani & Reza Farzipoor Saen & Emran Mohammadi, 2022. "Generalized robust window data envelopment analysis approach for dynamic performance measurement under uncertain panel data," Operational Research, Springer, vol. 22(5), pages 5529-5567, November.
    13. Huong Vu Van & Tuyen Quang Tran & Tuan Van Nguyen & Lim Steven, 2017. "Corruption and Firm Financial Performance: New Evidence from Vietnam," Working Papers 1, Development and Policies Research Center (DEPOCEN), Vietnam.
    14. Erum, Naila & Hussain, Shahzad, 2019. "Corruption, natural resources and economic growth: Evidence from OIC countries," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 1-1.
    15. Jose Godinez & Ling Liu, 2018. "Corruption and Its Effects on FDI: Analysing the Interaction Between the Corruption Levels of the Home and Host Countries and Its Effects at the Decision-Making Level," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 147(4), pages 705-719, February.
    16. Yu Hao & Chun-Ping Chang & Zao Sun, 2018. "Women and corruption: evidence from multinational panel data," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 52(4), pages 1447-1468, July.
    17. Imtiaz Arif & Lubna Khan & Sundus Waqar, 2023. "Does Corruption Sand or Grease the Wheels? A Case of BRICS Countries," Global Business Review, International Management Institute, vol. 24(6), pages 1468-1481, December.


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