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Stärkung der Unabhängigkeit des Wirtschaftsstandortes Österreich bei kritischen Produkten

Author

Listed:
  • Michael Klien
  • Michael Böheim

    (WIFO)

  • Matthias Firgo
  • Andreas Reinstaller
  • Peter Reschenhofer
  • Yvonne Wolfmayr

Abstract

Die Studie untersucht die Möglichkeiten zur Stärkung der Unabhängigkeit des Wirtschaftsstandortes Österreich bei kritischen Produkten durch vermehrte Produktionsansiedlung und Forcierung regionaler Wertschöpfungsketten. Nach einer konzeptionellen Grundlagendiskussion wird in der Studie für die ausgewählten kritischen Produkte empirisch geklärt, ob erstens, eine Importabhängigkeit gegenüber Drittstaaten besteht und zweitens, inwieweit sich ein kritisches Produkt dafür eignet, am Industriestandort Österreich erzeugt zu werden. Zu diesem Zweck werden auf Basis von rezenten Daten zum internationalen Warenhandel weitreichende Indikatoren-Sets gebildet, mit denen diese Fragen in großer Detailtiefe analysiert werden. Anschließend wird in einer regionalen Analyse untersucht, in welchen Bundesländern günstige Ausgangsvoraussetzungen für eine Produktionsansiedelung der unterschiedlichen kritischen Güter bestehen. Zuletzt wird die Rolle des Staates als Nachfrager von kritischen Gütern beleuchtet, und die Frage untersucht, ob spezifische Vergabepraktiken eine lokale Produktion begünstigen können.

Suggested Citation

  • Michael Klien & Michael Böheim & Matthias Firgo & Andreas Reinstaller & Peter Reschenhofer & Yvonne Wolfmayr, 2021. "Stärkung der Unabhängigkeit des Wirtschaftsstandortes Österreich bei kritischen Produkten," WIFO Studies, WIFO, number 67234.
  • Handle: RePEc:wfo:wstudy:67234
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