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Labor Share in National Income: Implications in the Baltic Countries

Author

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  • Razgūnė Aušra
  • Lazutka Romas

    (Vilnius University, Faculty of Economics, Saulėtekio al., 9, 10222, Vilnius, Lithuania)

Abstract

Despite the fact that stability of labor share in national income is a key foundation in macroeconomic models, scientists acknowledge, that in the last three decades it has been declining around the world. The Baltic countries are not an exception; they follow similar patters to large economies, thus the research aims at determining economic factors at play. With the help of error correction model and time series data covering the past twenty years, we determine factors which contribute to the decline of labor share in the Baltic countries. We find significant long-term relationships between labor share and government spending, trade openness, and emigration. Government spending exhibits the highest contribution to variance of labor share in Lithuania, which also explains a large part of Latvia’s labor share variations. We find many similarities between the analyzed countries, however some differences are also visible.

Suggested Citation

  • Razgūnė Aušra & Lazutka Romas, 2017. "Labor Share in National Income: Implications in the Baltic Countries," Review of Economic Perspectives, Sciendo, vol. 17(2), pages 121-139, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:vrs:reoecp:v:17:y:2017:i:2:p:121-139:n:2
    DOI: 10.1515/revecp-2017-0006
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Baltic countries; income distribution; labor economics; labor share;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J01 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics: General
    • J30 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - General
    • E25 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Aggregate Factor Income Distribution
    • D33 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Factor Income Distribution

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