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On Labour Shares in Recent Decades: A Survey

Author

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  • Luciano BOGGIO

    () (Universita' del Sacro Cuore di Milano)

  • Vincenzo DALL’AGLIO
  • Marco MAGNANI

    (Universita' degli Studi di Parma)

Abstract

We survey the rich literature studying the behaviour of labor shares in recent decades. To explain their dynamics – the main feature being the decline of European and American shares starting in the 1980s – such literature considers models that use either neoclassical or Leontief-type production functions, with both perfectly competitive markets and monopolistic competition coupled with bargaining between firms and workers. These empirical studies in general have produced results that are not very robust. However, they suggest that technical change has a negative and significant impact on the labor share. Evidence for a negative effect of globalization variables is clearly revealed for developing countries, whilst for advanced countries, this effect finds less support. Also, they show that product and labor market regulation issues have mixed effects on the labor share. An alternative to the econometric explanation of labor share is given in the final section.

Suggested Citation

  • Luciano BOGGIO & Vincenzo DALL’AGLIO & Marco MAGNANI, 2010. "On Labour Shares in Recent Decades: A Survey," Rivista Internazionale di Scienze Sociali, Vita e Pensiero, Pubblicazioni dell'Universita' Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, vol. 118(3), pages 283-333.
  • Handle: RePEc:vep:journl:y:2010:v:118:i:3:p:283-333
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    1. Laureys, Lien, 2014. "Optimal monetary policy in the presence of human capital depreciation during unemployment," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 58006, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    2. McAdam, Peter & Muck, Jakub & Growiec, Jakub, 2015. "Endogenous labor share cycles: theory and evidence," Working Paper Series 1765, European Central Bank.
    3. Chi, Wei & Qian, Xiaoye, 2013. "Regional disparity of labor's share in China: Evidence and explanation," China Economic Review, Elsevier, pages 277-293.
    4. Enrico Bellino, 2012. "Pasinetti on Ricardo," DISCE - Quaderni dell'Istituto di Teoria Economica e Metodi Quantitativi itemq1258, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Dipartimenti e Istituti di Scienze Economiche (DISCE).
    5. Carlo V. Fiorio & Simon Mohun & Roberto Veneziani, 2013. "Social Democracy and Distributive Conflict in the UK, 1950-2010," Working Papers 705, Queen Mary University of London, School of Economics and Finance.
    6. Stefano Colombo & Luigi Filippini, 2012. "Product innovation and logistic optimization in a novel urban-type model," DISCE - Quaderni dell'Istituto di Teoria Economica e Metodi Quantitativi itemq1259, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Dipartimenti e Istituti di Scienze Economiche (DISCE).
    7. Peter McAdam & Jakub Muck & Jakub Growiec, 2015. "Endogenous Labor Share Cycles: Theory and Evidence," 2015 Meeting Papers 62, Society for Economic Dynamics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Factor shares; functional income distribution;

    JEL classification:

    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • E25 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Aggregate Factor Income Distribution

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