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On Labour Shares in Recent Decades: A Survey

  • Luciano Boggio

    ()

    (DISCE, Università Cattolica di Milano)

  • Vincenzo Dall'Aglio

    ()

    (Università di Parma)

  • Marco Magnani

    ()

    (Università di Parma)

We survey the rich literature studying the behaviour of labor shares in recent decades. To explain their dynamics – the main feature being the decline of European and American shares starting in the 1980s – such literature considers models that use either neoclassical or Leontief-type production functions, with both perfectly competitive markets and monopolistic competition coupled by bargaining between firms and workers. These empirical studies in general have produced results that are scarcely robust. However, they suggest that technical change has a negative and significant impact on the labor share. Evidence for a negative effect of globalization variables is clearly brought out for developing countries, whilst for advanced countries, this effect finds less support. Also, they show that product and labor market regulation issues have mixed effects on the labor share. An alternative to the econometric explanation of labor share is given in the final section.

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File URL: http://www.unicatt.it/Istituti/TeoriaEconomica/Quaderni/itemq0957.pdf
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Paper provided by Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Dipartimenti e Istituti di Scienze Economiche (DISCE) in its series DISCE - Quaderni dell'Istituto di Teoria Economica e Metodi Quantitativi with number itemq0957.

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Length: 60 pages
Date of creation: Dec 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ctc:serie6:itemq0957
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.unicatt.it/Istituti/TeoriaEconomica
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