IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/
MyIDEAS: Login to save this article or follow this journal

The Producer Service Sector in Italy: Long-term Growth and its Local Determinants

  • Giacinto Micucci
  • Valter di Giacinto

Abstract This paper analyses the local determinants of producer service growth in Italy, focusing on agglomeration economies. From a methodological viewpoint, we address the critique on the Glaeser et al. (1992)-type employment growth regressions by deriving a reduced-form equation that incorporates variables affecting both local labour supply and local demand for the industry's output. At the same time, by implementing an error-correction approach, we improve on previous dynamic specifications that do not allow for short-term fluctuations along the steady-state growth path. It turns out that long-run employment growth is positively influenced by specialization, with a smaller role played by urbanization externalities. These results are in line with the empirical findings of recent analysis based on firm-level TFP (total factor productivity) estimates, thus providing them with a valuable cross-validation, considering that TFP measurement is far from being undisputed, especially in the service sector. Le secteur tertiaire en Italie: expansion à long terme et ses déterminants locaux RÉSUMÉ La présente communication analyse les déterminants locaux de la croissance des services de producteur en Italie, en se concentrant sur les économies des agglomérations. Du point de vue de la méthodologie, nous axons la critique sur les régressions de la croissance de l'emploi du type Glaeser et al. (1992), en dérivant une équation à forme réduite incorporant des variables affectant l'offre de main-d’æuvre locale et la demande locale pour la production industrielle. Parallèlement, et en réalisant une méthode de rectification des erreurs, nous optimisons des spécifications dynamiques précédentes, qui ne tiennent pas compte des fluctuations à court terme le long du chemin de croissance équilibrée à taux constant. Il en ressort que la spécialisation influe de façon positive sur l'expansion de l'emploi à long terme, un rôle plus limité revenant à des facteurs externes de l'urbanisation. Ces résultats rejoignent les conclusions empiriques d'analyses effectuées récemment, basées sur des évaluations TFP au niveau d'entreprise, en apportant ainsi une importante validation croisée, les mesures TFP étant loin d’être contestées, en particulier dans le secteur tertiaire. El sector de los servicios de productor en Italia: el crecimiento a largo plazo y sus determinantes locales RÉSUMÉN Este trabajo analiza los determinantes locales del crecimiento de los servicios de productor en Italia, centrándose en las economías de aglomeración. Desde un punto de vista metodológico, tratamos la crítica sobre las regresiones del crecimiento de empleo del tipo Glaeser et al. (1992), derivando una ecuación de forma reducida que incorpora variables que afectan tanto al suministro de mano de obra local como a la demanda local en relación con la producción de la industria. Al mismo tiempo, mediante la implantación de un planteamiento de corrección de errores, mejoramos las especificaciones dinámicas anteriores, que no tienen en cuenta las fluctuaciones a corto plazo a lo largo del curso de crecimiento continuo del estado. El resultado es que el crecimiento del empleo a largo plazo es influido positivamente por la especialización, con una menor función desempeñada por las externalidades de urbanización. Estos resultados coinciden con los descubrimientos empíricos de análisis recientes basados en estimaciones de la PFT, las cuales, aunque la medición de la PFT está lejos de ser innegable, les aportan una valiosa validación sesgada, especialmente en el sector de servicios.

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL: http://www.taylorandfrancisonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/17421770903317637
Download Restriction: Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Spatial Economic Analysis.

Volume (Year): 4 (2009)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 391-425

as
in new window

Handle: RePEc:taf:specan:v:4:y:2009:i:4:p:391-425
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.tandfonline.com/RSEA20

Order Information: Web: http://www.tandfonline.com/pricing/journal/RSEA20

No references listed on IDEAS
You can help add them by filling out this form.

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:taf:specan:v:4:y:2009:i:4:p:391-425. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Michael McNulty)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.