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On the occupational choices of return migrants

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  • Theodore Lianos
  • Anastasia Pseiridis

Abstract

This paper examines the factors affecting the employment decision of return migrants. We use data from Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Georgia, Kyrgyz Republic, Romania, and Tajikistan in which we can examine three categories of occupational status: salaried employment; self-employment without employees; and self-employment with employees. First we examine the choice between self-employment in general (merging the two variants of self-employment) and salaried employment, using binary logit regression. We find that male gender, savings, remittances, household size, and pre-migration experience in the country of origin in self-employment (either as an employer and as a self-employed person without employees) are shaping this decision. However, when we examine the choice between all three categories with the use of multinomial logit regression, we find considerable differences between self-employed individuals and employers. For example, the amount of remittances sent back while working as a migrant, the acquisition of further qualifications (in the form of certified skills, degree, or certificates), and the duration of migration increase the propensity for becoming an employer instead of becoming self-employed, while the amount of savings is not significant in this decision. Finally, we also find that the variables affecting the employment choice decision are different for males and females. Marital status and the duration of migration is statistically significant only for females while household size, remittances, and savings are statistically significant only for males.

Suggested Citation

  • Theodore Lianos & Anastasia Pseiridis, 2009. "On the occupational choices of return migrants," Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 21(2), pages 155-181, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:entreg:v:21:y:2009:i:2:p:155-181
    DOI: 10.1080/08985620802176187
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Komivi Afawubo & Mawuli Kodjovi Couchoro, 2017. "Do remittances enhance the economic growth effect of private health expenditures in West African Economic and Monetary Union?," Post-Print hal-01716433, HAL.
    2. Naudé, Wim & Siegel, Melissa & Marchand, Katrin, 2015. "Migration, Entrepreneurship and Development: A Critical Review," IZA Discussion Papers 9284, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    3. repec:eee:touman:v:32:y:2011:i:5:p:1006-1019 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Mahé, Clothilde, 2016. "Skills and entrepreneurship: Are return migrants 'Jacks-of-all-trades'?," MERIT Working Papers 071, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
    5. Hannu Tervo, 2014. "Who turns to entrepreneurship later in life? - Push and pull in Finnish rural and urban areas," ERSA conference papers ersa14p236, European Regional Science Association.
    6. repec:spr:izamig:v:6:y:2017:i:1:d:10.1186_s40176-016-0077-8 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Bui, Thi Thanh Nga & Le, Thi Thanh Ngan & Daly, Kevin James, 2015. "Microlevel impacts of remittances on household behavior: Viet Nam case study," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 176-190.
    8. repec:ebl:ecbull:eb-17-00152 is not listed on IDEAS

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