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Migration, entrepreneurship and development: critical questions

Author

Listed:
  • Wim Naudé

    (Maastricht University)

  • Melissa Siegel

    (Maastricht University)

  • Katrin Marchand

    (Maastricht University)

Abstract

This paper poses and answers a number of critical questions about the relationship between migration and entrepreneurship in the process of economic development. In doing so, we show that the standard policy response to migrants and migrant entrepreneurs are often based on an inadequate understanding of migrant entrepreneurs. The questions we pose are the following: (i) Are immigrants really more entrepreneurial than natives? (ii) Are migrant remittances likely to fund entrepreneurship in their home countries? (iii) Are return migrants more likely to be entrepreneurial than non-migrants? And finally, based on the answers, (iv) Does migration matter for development? We conclude that one must avoid seeing migrants as super-entrepreneurs and that the (positive) developmental impact of migration is more significant through other channels. Removal of discriminatory barriers against migrants and against migrant entrepreneurs in labour, consumer and financial markets will promote development in both sending and receiving countries, not least through reducing the shares of migrants that are reluctant entrepreneurs. JEL Classification: J60, L26, O15, F22

Suggested Citation

  • Wim Naudé & Melissa Siegel & Katrin Marchand, 2017. "Migration, entrepreneurship and development: critical questions," IZA Journal of Migration and Development, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 6(1), pages 1-16, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:izamig:v:6:y:2017:i:1:d:10.1186_s40176-016-0077-8
    DOI: 10.1186/s40176-016-0077-8
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    2. Anu Abraham, 2020. "International Migration, Return Migration and Occupational Mobility: Evidence from Kerala, India," The Indian Journal of Labour Economics, Springer;The Indian Society of Labour Economics (ISLE), vol. 63(4), pages 1223-1243, December.
    3. Ibrahim Sirkeci & Fatma Zeren, 2018. "Diaspora Marketing Revisited: The nexus of entrepreneurs and consumers," Transnational Marketing Journal, Transnational Press London, UK, vol. 6(2), pages 139-157, October.
    4. Daria Kautto, 2019. "Social influences in cross-border entrepreneurial migration policy," Journal of International Business Policy, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 2(4), pages 397-412, December.
    5. Carlos Poblete & Vesna Mandakovic, 2021. "Innovative outcomes from migrant entrepreneurship: a matter of whether you think you can, or think you can’t," International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, Springer, vol. 17(2), pages 571-592, June.
    6. Massimiliano Bratti & Luca De Benedictis & Gianluca Santoni, 2020. "Immigrant entrepreneurs, diasporas, and exports," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 60(2), pages 249-272, March.
    7. Maribel Guerrero & Vesna Mandakovic & Mauricio Apablaza & Veronica Arriagada, 2021. "Are migrants in/from emerging economies more entrepreneurial than natives?," International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, Springer, vol. 17(2), pages 527-548, June.
    8. Nyame-Asiamah, Frank & Amoako, Isaac Oduro & Amankwah-Amoah, Joseph & Debrah, Yaw A., 2020. "Diaspora entrepreneurs’ push and pull institutional factors for investing in Africa: Insights from African returnees from the United Kingdom," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 152(C).
    9. Brück, Tilman & Mahe, Clotilde & Naudé, Wim, 2018. "Return Migration and Self-Employment: Evidence from Kyrgyzstan," IZA Discussion Papers 11332, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    10. Alkida Ndreka, 2019. "Return Migrants’ Impact in Economic Development of the Origin Country," European Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies Articles, European Center for Science Education and Research, vol. 4, EJMS May .
    11. Sameeksha Desai & Wim Naudé & Nora Stel, 2021. "Refugee entrepreneurship: context and directions for future research," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 56(3), pages 933-945, February.
    12. Lisa Jones Christensen & Arielle Badger Newman & Heidi Herrick & Paul Godfrey, 2020. "Separate but not equal: Toward a nomological net for migrants and migrant entrepreneurship," Journal of International Business Policy, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 3(1), pages 1-22, March.
    13. Monica Roman & Dorel Mihai Paraschiv, 2019. "The Young Entrepreneurs of Europe and the Role of International Mobility," The AMFITEATRU ECONOMIC journal, Academy of Economic Studies - Bucharest, Romania, vol. 21(S13), pages 763-763, November.
    14. Alain Kikandi Kiuma & Abdelkrim Araar & Christian Kamala Kaghoma, 2020. "Internal migration and youth entrepreneurship in the Democratic Republic of the Congo," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 24(3), pages 790-814, August.
    15. Yutao Han & Patrice Pieretti, 2020. "On tax competition, international migration,and occupational choice," DEM Discussion Paper Series 20-07, Department of Economics at the University of Luxembourg.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Migration; Entrepreneurship; Development; Remittances;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J60 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - General
    • L26 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Entrepreneurship
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration

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