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To converge or not converge: unit labor cost inflation in the Euro area

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  • Helmut Herwartz

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  • Florian Siedenburg

Abstract

In this article, convergence of unit labor cost (ULC) inflation within the Euro area is tested by means of panel unit root tests. To account for the small cross-sectional dimension, cross-sectional dependence of model innovations and time varying volatility, wild bootstrap critical values are employed for inference. Convergence is tested separately for pre- and post-Euro introduction subperiods. Moreover, we identify particular economies that are characterized by diverging ULC inflation after the introduction of the Euro. While the German economy is characterized by ULC inflation which is persistently below the sample average, Spain and Italy have suffered sustained losses of price competitiveness against their trading partners within the Euro area. ULC inflation in Finland, France, and Ireland can be classified as neutral with respect to relative competitive positions. Copyright Springer-Verlag 2013

Suggested Citation

  • Helmut Herwartz & Florian Siedenburg, 2013. "To converge or not converge: unit labor cost inflation in the Euro area," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 44(2), pages 455-467, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:empeco:v:44:y:2013:i:2:p:455-467
    DOI: 10.1007/s00181-011-0535-3
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Francesca Pancotto & Filippo Pericoli, 2014. "Till labor cost do us part," International Economics and Economic Policy, Springer, vol. 11(3), pages 371-395, September.
    2. repec:spr:empeco:v:53:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s00181-016-1161-x is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Unit labor costs; β-Convergence; Panel unit root tests; Wild bootstrap; C23; C12; F40;

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • C12 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Hypothesis Testing: General
    • F40 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - General

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