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The Wild Bootstrap, Tamed at Last

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  • Emmanuel Flachaire

Abstract

Various versions of the wild bootstrap are studied as applied to regression models with heteroskedastic errors. It is shown that some versions can be qualified as 'tamed', in the sense that the statistic bootstrapped is asymptotically independent of the distribution of the wild bootstrap DGP. This can, in one very specific case, lead to perfect bootstrap inference, and leads to substantial reduction in the error in the rejection probability of a bootstrap test much more generally. However, the version of the wild bootstrap with this desirable property does not benefit from the skewness correction afforded by the most popular version of the wild bootstrap in the literature. Edgeworth expansions and simulation experiments are used to show why this defect does not prevent the preferred version from having the smallest error in rejection probability in small and medium-sized samples. It is concluded that this preferred version should always be used in practice.

Suggested Citation

  • Emmanuel Flachaire, 2001. "The Wild Bootstrap, Tamed at Last," STICERD - Distributional Analysis Research Programme Papers 58, Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines, LSE.
  • Handle: RePEc:cep:stidar:58
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    File URL: http://sticerd.lse.ac.uk/dps/darp/DARP58.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. White, Halbert, 1980. "A Heteroskedasticity-Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimator and a Direct Test for Heteroskedasticity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(4), pages 817-838, May.
    2. Davidson, Russell & MacKinnon, James G, 1998. "Graphical Methods for Investigating the Size and Power of Hypothesis Tests," The Manchester School of Economic & Social Studies, University of Manchester, vol. 66(1), pages 1-26, January.
    3. Chesher, Andrew & Jewitt, Ian, 1987. "The Bias of a Heteroskedasticity Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimator," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 55(5), pages 1217-1222, September.
    4. Davidson, Russell & MacKinnon, James G., 1999. "The Size Distortion Of Bootstrap Tests," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 15(03), pages 361-376, June.
    5. Joel L. Horowitz, 1996. "Bootstrap Methods in Econometrics: Theory and Numerical Performance," Econometrics 9602009, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 05 Mar 1996.
    6. Flachaire, Emmanuel, 1999. "A better way to bootstrap pairs," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 64(3), pages 257-262, September.
    7. MacKinnon, James G. & White, Halbert, 1985. "Some heteroskedasticity-consistent covariance matrix estimators with improved finite sample properties," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 29(3), pages 305-325, September.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Wild bootstrap; heteroskedasticity consistent covariance matrix estimator; size distortion.;

    JEL classification:

    • C1 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General

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