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Testing for Unit Roots in the Presence of a Possible Break in Trend and Non-Stationary Volatility

  • Giuseppe Cavaliere
  • David I. Harvey
  • Stephen J. Leybourne
  • A.M. Robert Taylor

    ()

    (School of Economics and Management, University of Aarhus, Denmark and CREATES)

In this paper we analyse the impact of non-stationary volatility on the recently developed unit root tests which allow for a possible break in trend occurring at an unknown point in the sample, considered in Harris, Harvey, Leybourne and Taylor (2008) [HHLT]. HHLT's analysis hinges on a new break fraction estimator which, when a break in trend occurs, is consistent for the true break fraction at rate Op(T??1). Unlike other available estimators, however, when there is no trend break HHLT's estimator converges to zero at rate Op(T1=2). In their analysis HHLT assume the shocks to follow a linear process driven by IID innovations. Our first contribution is to show that HHLT's break fraction estimator retains the same consistency properties as demonstrated by HHLT for the IID case when the innovations display non-stationary behaviour of a quite general form, including, for example, the case of a single break in the volatility of the innovations which may or may not occur at the same time as a break in trend. However, as we subsequently demonstrate, the limiting null distribution of unit root statistics based around this estimator are not pivotal in the presence of non-stationary volatility. Associated Monte Carlo evidence is presented to quantify the impact of various models of non-stationary volatility on both the asymptotic and finite sample behaviour of such tests. A solution to the identified inference problem is then provided by considering wild bootstrap-based implementations of the HHLT tests, using the trend break estimator from the original sample data. The proposed bootstrap method does not require the practitioner to specify a parametric model for volatility, and is shown to perform very well in practice across a range of models.

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Paper provided by School of Economics and Management, University of Aarhus in its series CREATES Research Papers with number 2008-62.

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Length: 42
Date of creation: 02 Dec 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:aah:create:2008-62
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.econ.au.dk/afn/

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  1. Kilian, Lutz & Gonçalves, Sílvia, 2002. "Bootstrapping Autoregressions with Conditional Heteroskedasticity of Unknown Form," Discussion Paper Series 1: Economic Studies 2002,26, Deutsche Bundesbank, Research Centre.
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  27. Cavaliere, Giuseppe & Taylor, A.M. Robert, 2007. "Testing for unit roots in time series models with non-stationary volatility," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 140(2), pages 919-947, October.
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