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The effects of variance breaks on homogenous panel unit root tests

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  • Herwartz, Helmut
  • Siedenburg, Florian

Abstract

Noting that many economic variables display occasional shifts in their second order moments, we investigate the performance of homogenous panel unit root tests in the presence of permanent volatility shifts. It is shown that in this case, panel unit root tests derived under time invariant innovation variances lose control over actual significance levels while the test proposed by Herwartz and Siedenburg (2008) retains size control. A simulation study of the finite sample properties confirms the theoretical results in finite samples. As an empirical illustration, we reassess evidence on the Fisher hypothesis.

Suggested Citation

  • Herwartz, Helmut & Siedenburg, Florian, 2009. "The effects of variance breaks on homogenous panel unit root tests," Economics Working Papers 2009-07, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:cauewp:200907
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Panel unit root tests; variance breaks; cross sectional dependence; Fisher hypothesis;

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • C12 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Hypothesis Testing: General
    • E40 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - General

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