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No Good Deed Goes Unpunished: Refugees, Humanitarian Aid, and Terrorism

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  • Seung-Whan Choi

    (Department of Political Science, University of Illinois at Chicago)

  • Idean Salehyan

    (Department of Political Science, University of North Texas)

Abstract

We examine the consequences of hosting refugees for domestic and international terrorism. In line with the old saying, “no good deed goes unpunished†, we argue that the infusion of aid resources provides militant groups with opportunities for looting and for attacking foreign targets. A cross-national, time-series data analysis of 154 countries for the years 1970–2007 shows evidence that countries with many refugees are more likely to experience both domestic and international terrorism. This finding implies that while the international community should strive to reduce the number of refugees by preventing the eruption of major conflict events, individual countries should find a way of maintaining the balance between humanitarianism toward refugees and providing safe, secure environments for refugees and those that assist them.

Suggested Citation

  • Seung-Whan Choi & Idean Salehyan, 2013. "No Good Deed Goes Unpunished: Refugees, Humanitarian Aid, and Terrorism," Conflict Management and Peace Science, Peace Science Society (International), vol. 30(1), pages 53-75, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:compsc:v:30:y:2013:i:1:p:53-75
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    Cited by:

    1. Simplice A. Asongu & Jacinta C. Nwachukwu, 2016. "Conditional linkages between iron ore exports, foreign aid and terrorism," Mineral Economics, Springer;Raw Materials Group (RMG);Luleå University of Technology, vol. 29(2), pages 57-70, December.
    2. Carmignani, Fabrizio & Kler, Parvinder, 2016. "Surrounded by wars: Quantifying the role of spatial conflict spillovers," Economic Analysis and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 7-16.
    3. Simplice A. Asongu & Ivo J. Leke, 2018. "Can foreign aid dampen the threat of terrorism to international trade? Evidence from 78 developing countries," AFEA Working Papers 18/027, African Finance and Economic Association (AFEA).
    4. Simplice A. Asongu & Vanessa S. Tchamyou & Jules R. Minkoua N & Ndemaze Asongu & Nina P. Tchamyou, 2017. "Fighting terrorism in Africa: benchmarking policy harmonization," Research Africa Network Working Papers 17/049, Research Africa Network (RAN).
    5. Simplice A. ASONGU & Jacinta NWACHUKWU & Nicholas BIEKPE, 2019. "Foreign Aid, Terrorism And Growth: Conditional Evidence From Quantile Regression," Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 90(3), pages 457-486, September.
    6. Asongu, Simplice A. & Amankwah-Amoah, Joseph, 2018. "Mitigating capital flight through military expenditure: Insight from 37 African countries," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 38-53.
    7. Olaf J. de Groot & Carlos Bozzoli & Tilman Bruck, 2015. "The Global Economic Burden of Violent Conflict," HiCN Working Papers 199, Households in Conflict Network.
    8. Simplice A. Asongu & Jacinta C. Nwachukwu, 2017. "Fuel Exports, Aid and Terrorism," Research Africa Network Working Papers 17/016, Research Africa Network (RAN).
    9. Asongu, Simplice A. & Nwachukwu, Jacinta C., 2017. "The Impact of Terrorism on Governance in African Countries," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 99(C), pages 253-270.
    10. Simplice A. Asongu & Jacinta C. Nwachukwu & Sara le Roux, 2018. "The role of inclusive development and military expenditure in modulating the effect of terrorism on governance," AFEA Working Papers 18/022, African Finance and Economic Association (AFEA).
    11. Simplice Asongu & Vanessa Tchamyou & Ndemaze Asongu & Nina Tchamyou, 2017. "The Comparative African Economics of Inclusive Development and Military Expenditure in Fighting Terrorism," Journal of African Development, African Finance and Economic Association (AFEA), vol. 19(2), pages 77-91.
    12. Efobi, Uchenna & Asongu, Simplice, 2016. "Terrorism and capital flight from Africa," International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 148(C), pages 81-94.
    13. Simplice A. Asongu & Nicholas Biekpe, 2018. "Globalization and terror in Africa," International Economics, CEPII research center, issue 156, pages 86-97.
    14. Simplice Asongu & Vanessa Tchamyou & Ndemaze Asongu & Nina Tchamyou, 2019. "Fighting terrorism in Africa: evidence from bundling and unbundling institutions," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 56(3), pages 883-933, March.
    15. Rafat Mahmood & Michael Jetter, 2018. "Communications Technology and Terrorism," CESifo Working Paper Series 6995, CESifo Group Munich.
    16. Asongu, Simplice A. & Tchamyou, Vanessa S. & Minkoua N., Jules R. & Asongu, Ndemaze & Tchamyou, Nina P., 2018. "Fighting terrorism in Africa: Benchmarking policy harmonization," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 492(C), pages 1931-1957.
    17. Simplice A. Asongu & Vanessa S. Tchamyou & Ndemaze Asongu & Nina Tchamyou, 2018. "The Comparative African Economics of Governance in Fighting Terrorism," AFEA Working Papers 18/046, African Finance and Economic Association (AFEA).
    18. Martin-Shields, Charles, 2017. "State fragility as a cause of forced displacement: identifying theoretical channels for empirical research," Discussion Papers 30/2017, German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE).
    19. repec:taf:applec:v:49:y:2017:i:3:p:273-288 is not listed on IDEAS
    20. Laura DIACONU (MAXIM), 2015. "The Refugees And The Economic Growth In The Eu States: Challenges And Opportunities," CES Working Papers, Centre for European Studies, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, vol. 7(4), pages 881-890, December.

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    Keywords

    humanitarian aid; refugees; terrorism;

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