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Trade, Aid and Terror

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  • Asongu, Simplice
  • Kodila-Tedika, Oasis

Abstract

This study assesses the role of foreign aid in reducing the hypothetically negative impact of terrorism on trade using a panel of 78 developing countries with data for the period 1984-2008. The empirical evidence is based on interactive GMM estimations with forward orthogonal deviations. Bilateral, multilateral and total aid dynamics are employed whereas terrorism entails: domestic, transnational, unclear and total terrorism dynamics. The following findings have been established. First, while bilateral aid has no significant effect on trade, multilateral and total aids have positive impacts. Second total terrorism, domestic terrorism and transnational terrorism increase trade with increasing order of magnitude. Third, corresponding negative marginal effects on the interaction between foreign aid (bilateral and total) and terrorism display thresholds that are within range. Unexpected signs are clarified and policy implications discussed.

Suggested Citation

  • Asongu, Simplice & Kodila-Tedika, Oasis, 2015. "Trade, Aid and Terror," MPRA Paper 68321, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:68321
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Asongu, Simplice & Efobi, Uchenna & Beecroft, Ibukun, 2017. "Aid in Modulating the Impact of Terrorism on FDI: No Positive Thresholds, No Policy," MPRA Paper 85488, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Sep 2017.
    2. repec:afe:journl:v:19:y:2017:i:2:p:77-91 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Simplice A. Asongu & Jacinta C. Nwachukwu, 2016. "Conditional linkages between iron ore exports, foreign aid and terrorism," Mineral Economics, Springer;Raw Materials Group (RMG);Luleå University of Technology, vol. 29(2), pages 57-70, December.
    4. Simplice Asongu & Oasis Kodila-Tedika, 2015. "On the Empirics of Institutions and Quality of Growth: Evidence for Developing Countries," Working Papers 15/041, African Governance and Development Institute..
    5. Simplice Asongu, 2017. "Persistence in Incarcerations: Global Comparative Evidence," Working Papers 17/056, African Governance and Development Institute..
    6. Simplice Asongu & Vanessa Tchamyou & Ndemaze Asongu & Nina Tchamyou, 2017. "The Comparative African Economics of Inclusive Development and Military Expenditure in Fighting Terrorism," Journal of African Development, African Finance and Economic Association, vol. 19(2), pages 77-91.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Trade Openness; Foreign Aid; Terrorism; Development;

    JEL classification:

    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • F35 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Aid
    • F40 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - General
    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General

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