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The dynamics of investment in pre-entry coaching and the returns from private tutoring among university applicants in Russia

Author

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  • Prakhov, Ilya

    () (Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia)

Abstract

This paper examines the dynamics of the prevalence of pre-entry coaching and corresponding investment in private tutoring before and after the introduction of the Unified State Exam (the USE). Besides, we estimate the effectiveness of private tutoring in 2012, i. e. a few years after the USE has become a prerequisite for admission to university. Data from the Monitoring of Education Markets and Organizations show that the main types of pre-entry coaching are still in demand despite the unification of admission requirements, although the popularity of paid courses at a particular university has declined, and the prevalence of classes with tutors who are not related to university has risen. Within a few years after the introduction of the USE the level of investment in pre-entry coaching in real terms almost has not changed, however the returns from such an investment (expressed in the USE scores) are positive but moderate.

Suggested Citation

  • Prakhov, Ilya, 2015. "The dynamics of investment in pre-entry coaching and the returns from private tutoring among university applicants in Russia," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 37(1), pages 107-124.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:apltrx:0260
    as

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    File URL: http://pe.cemi.rssi.ru/pe_2015_1_107-124.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Tansel, AysIt & Bircan, Fatma, 2006. "Demand for education in Turkey: A tobit analysis of private tutoring expenditures," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 25(3), pages 303-313, June.
    2. Bray, Mark & Kwok, Percy, 2003. "Demand for private supplementary tutoring: conceptual considerations, and socio-economic patterns in Hong Kong," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 22(6), pages 611-620, December.
    3. Prashant Loyalka & Andrey Zakharov, 2014. "Does shadow education help students prepare for college?," HSE Working papers WP BRP 15/EDU/2014, National Research University Higher School of Economics.
    4. Maria Yudkevich & Ilya Prakhov, 2012. "Effect of Family Income on USE Performance and the Choice of University," Educational Studies, Higher School of Economics, issue 1, pages 126-147.
    5. Juliana Guimarães & Breno Sampaio, 2013. "Family background and students’ achievement on a university entrance exam in Brazil," Education Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 21(1), pages 38-59, February.
    6. Prakhov, Ilya, 2012. "The unified state examination and the determinants of academic achievement: Does investment in pre-entry coaching matter?," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 27(3), pages 86-108.
    7. Ilya Prakhov, 2014. "Effects of Investments in Preparation Courses on the USE Scores," Educational Studies, Higher School of Economics, issue 3, pages 74-99.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    dynamics of investment in pre-entry coaching; effectiveness of pre-entry coaching; the USE; educational strategies of students;

    JEL classification:

    • C31 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models; Quantile Regressions; Social Interaction Models
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • I24 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Inequality
    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy

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