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Human Capital and International Competitiveness in Europe, with Special Reference to Transition Economies

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  • Arta Mulliqi
  • Nick Adnett
  • Mehtap Hisarciklilar
  • Artane Rizvanolli

Abstract

This article assesses the impact of human capital endowments on international competitiveness in Europe, with special reference to transition economies in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). The analysis uses longitudinal data for twenty-seven European economies over the period 1995–2010. In line with orthodox theory, a positive relationship is found between the labor force’s level of educational attainment and competitiveness. While in the European Economic Area (EEA17), tertiary education is the only significant education-based determinant of the export market share, in CEECs; both the shares of the workforce with secondary and tertiary education are significant with the former having a greater impact. Some evidence is found for the hypothesized impact of the quality of education.

Suggested Citation

  • Arta Mulliqi & Nick Adnett & Mehtap Hisarciklilar & Artane Rizvanolli, 2018. "Human Capital and International Competitiveness in Europe, with Special Reference to Transition Economies," Eastern European Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 56(6), pages 541-563, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:mes:eaeuec:v:56:y:2018:i:6:p:541-563
    DOI: 10.1080/00128775.2018.1502612
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    Cited by:

    1. Carmen Emilia Chașovschi & Carmen Nastase & Mihai Popescu & Adrian-Liviu Scutariu & Iulian-Alexandru Condratov, 2021. "Human Resources Training Needs in the Small and Medium Enterprises from Cross-Border Area Romania-Ukraine-Republic of Moldova," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(4), pages 1-28, February.
    2. Arta MULLIQI, 2021. "The role of education in explaining technology-intensive exports: a comparative analysis of transition and non-transition economies," Eastern Journal of European Studies, Centre for European Studies, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, vol. 12, pages 141-172, June.
    3. Antonella Biscione & Chiara Burlina & Raul Caruso & Annunziata de Felice, 2021. "Innovation in Transition countries: the role of training," Working Papers 1013, European Centre of Peace Science, Integration and Cooperation (CESPIC), Catholic University 'Our Lady of Good Counsel'.
    4. Carmen Valentina RADULESCU & Florina BRAN & Cristina ALPOPI & Petrica Sorin ANGHELU?A, 2018. "Aspects Of Early Leaving Education And Training Systems From The Perspective Of Tertiary Education," Proceedings of Administration and Public Management International Conference, Research Centre in Public Administration and Public Services, Bucharest, Romania, vol. 14(1), pages 35-46, October.

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