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Local market size, social capital and outsourcing: evidence from Emilia Romagna

Author

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  • Roberto Antonietti

    () (University of Padova)

  • Maria Rosaria Ferrante

    () (University of Bologna)

  • Riccardo Leoncini

    () (University of Bologna
    University of Freiburg
    IRCrES-CNR)

Abstract

Abstract Based on a unique dataset concerning small firms operating in the machinery and equipment industry in Emilia Romagna (Italy), we estimate the separate effects of social capital and local market size on the probability to either fully or partially outsource parts of the production process. We are able to distinguish 29 different phases of the production cycle, from design, to early processing to post-production. Our estimates show that: (1) social capital influences the full outsourcing of core assembly and post-assembly activities, while local market size affects the full outsourcing of early processing activities; (2) neither social capital nor local market size have a statistically significant effect on the probability of partially outsourcing any step of the production process. Robustness tests confirm our results vis-à-vis the endogeneity of the local market size and social capital, and the potential Modifiable Area Unit Problem relating to local market size.

Suggested Citation

  • Roberto Antonietti & Maria Rosaria Ferrante & Riccardo Leoncini, 2016. "Local market size, social capital and outsourcing: evidence from Emilia Romagna," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 47(1), pages 243-260, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:sbusec:v:47:y:2016:i:1:d:10.1007_s11187-016-9711-3
    DOI: 10.1007/s11187-016-9711-3
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Roberto Antonietti & Ron Boschma, 2018. "Social capital, resilience and regional diversification in Italy," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1804, Utrecht University, Department of Human Geography and Spatial Planning, Group Economic Geography, revised Jan 2018.

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