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Do Depositors Discipline Banks and Did Government Actions During the Recent Crisis Reduce this Discipline? An International Perspective

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  • Allen Berger

    ()

  • Rima Turk-Ariss

    ()

Abstract

The recent financial crisis highlights the importance of both regulatory and market discipline. Government reactions to the crisis included expanding deposit insurance coverage and rescuing troubled institutions, including some institutions that might not otherwise be considered too important to fail. These actions may have the unintended consequence of a reduction in market discipline that might otherwise penalize banks for risk-taking behavior. Alternatively, market discipline may have increased during the crisis due to heightened awareness of the risks of bank failures. To address these issues, we first test for the presence of depositor discipline effects in the period leading up to the financial crisis in both the US and the EU. Second, we test whether depositor discipline decreased or increased during the crisis. We find significant depositor discipline prior to the crisis in both the US and EU, but this varies between the US and the EU as well as with banking organization size and with listed versus unlisted status. We also find that depositor discipline mostly decreased during the crisis, except for the case of small US banks. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Suggested Citation

  • Allen Berger & Rima Turk-Ariss, 2015. "Do Depositors Discipline Banks and Did Government Actions During the Recent Crisis Reduce this Discipline? An International Perspective," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer;Western Finance Association, vol. 48(2), pages 103-126, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:jfsres:v:48:y:2015:i:2:p:103-126
    DOI: 10.1007/s10693-014-0205-7
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Koen Schoors & Maria Semenova & Andrey Zubanov, 2016. "Depositor Discipline in Russian Regions: Flight to Familiarity or Trust in Local Authorities?," HSE Working papers WP BRP 58/FE/2016, National Research University Higher School of Economics.
    2. repec:eee:revfin:v:34:y:2017:i:c:p:10-32 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Arnold, Eva A. & Größl, Ingrid & Koziol, Philipp, 2016. "Market discipline across bank governance models: Empirical evidence from German depositors," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 126-138.
    4. D.F. Gerritsen & J.A. Bikker & M. Brandsen, 2017. "Bank switching and deposit rates : Evidence for crisis and non-crisis years," Working Papers 17-08, Utrecht School of Economics.
    5. repec:spr:schmbr:v:70:y:2018:i:3:d:10.1007_s41464-018-0052-4 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Martin Eling & David Pankoke, 2016. "Costs and Benefits of Financial Regulation: An Empirical Assessment for Insurance Companies," The Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance - Issues and Practice, Palgrave Macmillan;The Geneva Association, vol. 41(4), pages 529-554, October.
    7. Jacob Bikker & Dirk Gerritsen & Steffie Schwillens, 2016. "Competing for savings: how important is creditworthiness during the crisis?," DNB Working Papers 493, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
    8. repec:eee:finana:v:51:y:2017:i:c:p:102-112 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Sümeyra Atmaca & Koen Schoors & Marijn Verschelde, 2016. "Bank Loyalty, Social Networks And Crisis," Working Papers of Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Ghent University, Belgium 16/923, Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
    10. repec:eee:jaecon:v:63:y:2017:i:2:p:454-478 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Maaike Diepstraten & Carin van der Cruijsen, 2017. "To stay or go? Consumer bank switching behaviour after government interventions," DNB Working Papers 550, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
    12. Kaposty, Florian & Pfingsten, Andreas & Domikowsky, Christian, 2017. "Market Discipline, Deposit Insurance, and Competitive Advantages: Evidence from the Financial Crisis," Annual Conference 2017 (Vienna): Alternative Structures for Money and Banking 168146, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    G21; G28; Market discipline; Depositor discipline; Banks;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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