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How Do Insured Deposits Affect Bank Risk?: Evidence from the 2008 Emergency Economic Stabilization Act

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  • Claudia Lambert
  • Felix Noth
  • Ulrich Schüwer

Abstract

This paper tests whether an increase in insured deposits causes banks to become more risky. We use variation introduced by the U.S. Emergency Economic Stabilization Act in October 2008, which increased the deposit insurance coverage from $100,000 to $250,000 per depositor and bank. For some banks, the amount of insured deposits increased significantly; for others, it was a minor change. Our analysis shows that the more affected banks increase their investments in risky commercial real estate loans and become more risky relative to unaffected banks following the change. This effect is most distinct for affected banks that are low capitalized.

Suggested Citation

  • Claudia Lambert & Felix Noth & Ulrich Schüwer, 2013. "How Do Insured Deposits Affect Bank Risk?: Evidence from the 2008 Emergency Economic Stabilization Act," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1347, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwwpp:dp1347
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    Cited by:

    1. Koetter, Michael & Noth, Felix, 2015. "Bank bailouts and competition - Did TARP distort competition among sound banks?," Working Paper Series 1804, European Central Bank.
    2. Noth, Felix & Ossandon Busch, Matias, 2017. "Banking globalization, local lending, and labor market effects: Micro-level evidence from Brazil," IWH Discussion Papers 7/2017, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
    3. Krahnen, Jan-Pieter & Noth, Felix & Schüwer, Ulrich, 2016. "Structural Reforms in Banking: The Role of Trading," IWH Discussion Papers 9/2016, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
    4. Allen Berger & Rima Turk-Ariss, 2015. "Do Depositors Discipline Banks and Did Government Actions During the Recent Crisis Reduce this Discipline? An International Perspective," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer;Western Finance Association, vol. 48(2), pages 103-126, October.
    5. Fuhrer, Lucas Marc & Müller, Benjamin & Steiner, Luzian, 2017. "The Liquidity Coverage Ratio and security prices," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 75(C), pages 292-311.
    6. Noth, Felix & Busch, Matias Ossandon, 2017. "Banking globalization, local lending, and labor market effects : Micro-level evidence from Brazil," BOFIT Discussion Papers 11/2017, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    financial crisis; deposit insurance; bank regulation;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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