On the Effects of Deposit Insurance and Observability on Bank Runs: An Experimental Study
We study the effects of deposit insurance and observability of previous actions on the emergence of bank runs by means of a controlled laboratory experiment. We consider three depositors in the line of a bank, who decide between withdrawing or keeping their money deposited. We have three treatments with different levels of deposit insurance which reflect the losses a depositor may incur in the case of a bank run. We find that different levels of deposit insurance and the possibility of observing other depositors’ actions affect the likelihood of bank runs. When decisions are not observable, higher levels of deposit insurance decrease the probability of bank runs. When decisions are observable, this is not the case. These results suggest that (i) observability might be considered as a partial substitute of deposit insurance, and that (ii) the optimal deposit insurance should take into account the degree of observability.
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Volume (Year): 44 (2012)
Issue (Month): 8 (December)
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- Alfonso Rosa García & Hubert Janos Kiss & Ismael Rodríguez Lara, 2009.
"Do social networks prevent bank runs?,"
Working Papers. Serie AD
2009-25, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
- Kenneth Judd & Lilia Maliar & Serguei Maliar, 2011.
"Solving the multi-country real business cycle model using ergodic set methods,"
Working Papers. Serie AD
2011-01, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
- Maliar, Serguei & Maliar, Lilia & Judd, Kenneth, 2011. "Solving the multi-country real business cycle model using ergodic set methods," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 35(2), pages 207-228, February.
- Serguei Maliar & Lilia Maliar & Kenneth L. Judd, 2010. "Solving the Multi-Country Real Business Cycle Model Using Ergodic Set Methods," NBER Working Papers 16304, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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