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Enhancing market discipline in banking: The role of subordinated debt in financial regulatory reform

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  • Evanoff, Douglas D.
  • Jagtiani, Julapa A.
  • Nakata, Taisuke

Abstract

The increasing complexity of large financial firms has led to consideration of alternative regulatory structures. This has intensified recently because of the worldwide turmoil in financial markets. One important consideration has been to increase reliance on market discipline--most notably, increased reliance on subordinated debt (sub-debt) in the bank capital structure to discipline banks' risk taking. This proposal, however, has been subject to criticism related to the quality of the signal generated in current sub-debt markets. We argue that previous studies evaluating the potential usefulness of sub-debt proposals have evaluated sub-debt spreads in a very different environment from that characterized by a fully implemented sub-debt program, where the market will become deeper, issuance will be more frequent, debt will be viewed as a more viable means to raise capital, bond dealers will be less reluctant to publicly disclose more details on debt transactions, and generally, the market will be more closely followed. As a test to see how the quality of the signal may change, we evaluate the risk-spread relationship--accounting for the enhanced liquidity and market transparency surrounding new debt issues. Our empirical results indicate a superior risk-spread relationship surrounding the period of new debt issuance due, we posit, to greater liquidity and transparency. Our results overall suggest that the degree of market discipline would be significantly enhanced by a mandatory sub-debt program, thus suggesting a potential role for sub-debt in the banking regulatory reform.

Suggested Citation

  • Evanoff, Douglas D. & Jagtiani, Julapa A. & Nakata, Taisuke, 2011. "Enhancing market discipline in banking: The role of subordinated debt in financial regulatory reform," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 63(1), pages 1-22, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jebusi:v:63:y::i:1:p:1-22
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    Cited by:

    1. Zhang, Zhichao & Song, Wei & Sun, Xin & Shi, Nan, 2014. "Subordinated debt as instrument of market discipline: Risk sensitivity of sub-debt yield spreads in UK banking," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 73(C), pages 1-21.
    2. Adrian Van Rixtel & Luna Romo González & Jing Yang, 2015. "The determinants of long-term debt issuance by European banks: evidence of two crises," BIS Working Papers 513, Bank for International Settlements.
    3. repec:eme:jfrcpp:jfrc-02-2017-0027 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. David Grigorian & Vlad Manole, 2017. "Sovereign risk and deposit dynamics: evidence from Europe," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 49(29), pages 2851-2860, June.
    5. Beyhaghi, Mehdi & D’Souza, Chris & Roberts, Gordon S., 2014. "Funding advantage and market discipline in the Canadian banking sector," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 396-410.
    6. Miller, Scott & Olson, Eric & Yeager, Timothy J., 2015. "The relative contributions of equity and subordinated debt signals as predictors of bank distress during the financial crisis," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 16(C), pages 118-137.
    7. Valeriya Dinger & Francesco Vallascas, 2014. "Are Banks Less Likely to Issue Equity When They Are Less Capitalized?," Working Papers 100, Institute of Empirical Economic Research, Osnabrueck University.
    8. Allen Berger & Rima Turk-Ariss, 2015. "Do Depositors Discipline Banks and Did Government Actions During the Recent Crisis Reduce this Discipline? An International Perspective," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer;Western Finance Association, vol. 48(2), pages 103-126, October.
    9. Inoguchi, Masahiro, 2013. "Interbank market, stock market, and bank performance in East Asia," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 136-156.
    10. Colleen Baker & Christine Cummings & Julapa Jagtiani, 2017. "The impacts of financial regulations: solvency and liquidity in the post-crisis period," Journal of Financial Regulation and Compliance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 25(3), pages 253-270, July.
    11. Cécile Casteuble & Emmanuelle Nys & Philippe Rous, 2013. "Bank Risk - Return Efficiency and Bond Spread: Is There Evidence of Market Discipline in Europe," Working Papers hal-00916717, HAL.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Regulatory reform Market discipline Subordinated debt Bank capital Financial regulation;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G38 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • L51 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Economics of Regulation

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