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Financial Development, Economics Growth, Income Inequality Nexus: A Case Study of Pakistan

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  • Muhammad Shahbaz

    () (Department of Management Sciences, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology,Lahore, Pakistan)

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to examine the interrelationship between financial development, economic growth and income inequality in case of Pakistan. The study has been divided into three linkages; one linkage is between financial development, financial instability and economic growth; second is between financial development, financial instability and income distribution or income inequality, and the last one is between financial development, financial instability and poverty via economic growth. The ARDL bounds testing approach to cointegration has been applied. Our results indicate that the variables are cointegrated for long run. Furthermore, a positive relationship exists between financial development and economic growth. Financial instability not only retards economic growth directly but also weakens finance-growth nexus. The impact of financial development on income inequality is negative. It shows that a rise in financial development improves income distribution or declines income inequality. Financial development improves the incomes of poor segment of population. This empirical evidence confirms the existence of McKinnon Conduit Effect (MCE) in Pakistan. The present study suggests suitable policy options to policy makers in declining income inequality by using financial sector as a policy tool in Pakistan.

Suggested Citation

  • Muhammad Shahbaz, 2013. "Financial Development, Economics Growth, Income Inequality Nexus: A Case Study of Pakistan," International Journal of Economics and Empirical Research (IJEER), The Economics and Social Development Organization (TESDO), vol. 1(3), pages 24-47, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:ijr:journl:v:1:y:2013:i:3:p:24-47
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    Cited by:

    1. Phouphet Kyophilavong & Gazi Salah Uddin & Muhammad Shahbaz, 2016. "The Nexus between Financial Development and Economic Growth in Lao PDR," Global Business Review, International Management Institute, vol. 17(2), pages 303-317, April.
    2. Ijaz Ur Rehman & Muhammad Shahbaz & Phouphet Kyophilavong, 2016. "Do Technological Development and Financial Development Promote Economic Growth: Fresh Evidence from Romania," International Journal of Economics and Empirical Research (IJEER), The Economics and Social Development Organization (TESDO), vol. 4(2), pages 60-76, February.
    3. Phouphet KYOPHILAVONG & Gazi Salah Uddin & Muhammad Shahbaz, 2014. "The Nexus Between Financial Development and Economic Growth in Laos," Working Papers 2014-447, Department of Research, Ipag Business School.
    4. Polat, Ali & Shahbaz, Muhammad & Ur Rehman, Ijaz & Satti, Saqlain Latif, 2013. "Revisiting Linkages between Financial Development, Trade Openness and Economic Growth in South Africa: Fresh Evidence from Combined Cointegration Test," MPRA Paper 51724, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 25 Nov 2013.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Financial development; growth; inequality; poverty; Pakistan;

    JEL classification:

    • D53 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Financial Markets
    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies
    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being

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