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A Drop of Water in the Indian Ocean? The Impact of GlobalGap Certification on Lychee Farmers in Madagascar


  • Subervie, Julie
  • Vagneron, Isabelle


The private standard GlobalGap was introduced into Madagascar’s lychee value chain in the mid-2000s in response to the demand for certified lychees. Following the initial craze, however, the number of certified farmers soon dropped as the financial support to the exporters dried up. Based on a natural experiment, we assess the impact of GlobalGap certification on the marketing performances of currently certified lychee farmers. While our results do suggest a positive average impact of certification on both the quantities sold and the prices received by certified producers, we shall see that this effect is not homogenously distributed.

Suggested Citation

  • Subervie, Julie & Vagneron, Isabelle, 2013. "A Drop of Water in the Indian Ocean? The Impact of GlobalGap Certification on Lychee Farmers in Madagascar," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 57-73.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:wdevel:v:50:y:2013:i:c:p:57-73
    DOI: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2013.05.002

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    Cited by:

    1. Maertens, Miet & Swinnen, Johan, 2015. "Agricultural trade and development: A value chain perspective," WTO Staff Working Papers ERSD-2015-04, World Trade Organization (WTO), Economic Research and Statistics Division.
    2. Pierluigi Montalbano & Rebecca Pietrelli & Luca Salvatici, 2017. "Market chain participation and food security: the case of the Ugandan maize farmers," Working Papers 2/17, Sapienza University of Rome, DISS.
    3. Ayuya, Oscar I. & Gido, Eric O. & Bett, Hillary K. & Lagat, Job K. & Kahi, Alexander K. & Bauer, Siegfried, 2015. "Effect of Certified Organic Production Systems on Poverty among Smallholder Farmers: Empirical Evidence from Kenya," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 27-37.
    4. Schuster, Monica & Maertens, Miet, 2013. "Do private standards create exclusive supply chains? New evidence from the Peruvian asparagus export sector," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 291-305.
    5. repec:eee:wdevel:v:102:y:2018:i:c:p:195-212 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Sylvaine Lemeilleur & Julie Subervie & Anderson Edilson Presoto & Roberta de Castro Souza & Maria Sylvia Macchione Saes, 2016. "Eco-certified contract choice among coffee farmersin Brazil," Working Papers 16-09, LAMETA, Universtiy of Montpellier.
    7. Unnevehr, Laurian J. & Ronchi, Loraine, 2014. "Food safety and developing markets: Research findings and research gaps:," IFPRI discussion papers 1376, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    8. John C. Beghin & Miet Maertens & Johan Swinnen, 2017. "Nontariff Measures and Standards in Trade and Global Value Chains," World Scientific Book Chapters,in: Nontariff Measures and International Trade, chapter 2, pages 13-38 World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    9. Müller, Anna K. & Theuvsen, Ludwig, 2015. "Food safety standards in the Guatemalan fresh pea sector: The role of financial literacy in technology adoption," Discussion Papers 205289, Georg-August-Universitaet Goettingen, GlobalFood, Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development.
    10. PONSSARD Jean-Pierre & SINCLAIR DESGAGNÉ Bernard & SOLER Louis-Georges & GIRAUD HERAUD Eric, 2015. "The Agro-Food Industry, Public Health and Environmental Protection: Investigating the Porter Hypothesis in Food Regulation," Cahiers du GREThA 2015-21, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.
    11. repec:oup:erevae:v:44:y:2017:i:4:p:592-633. is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Ebata, Ayako & Hüttel, Silke, 2015. "Do development projects link smallholders to markets?," Discussion Papers 204326, Georg-August-Universitaet Goettingen, GlobalFood, Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development.
    13. Kleemann, Linda, 2015. "The relevance of certifications and business practices in linking smallholders and large agro-businesses in Sub-Sahara Africa," Kiel Working Papers 1997, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    14. Sylvaine Lemeilleur & Julie Subervie & Anderson Edilson Presoto & Roberta De Castro Souza & Maria Sylvia Macchione Saes, 2016. "Eco-certified contract choice among coffee farmers in Brazil," Working Papers hal-01512224, HAL.
    15. Nabeshima, Kaoru & Michida, Etsuyo & Vu, Hoang Nam & Suzuki, Aya, 2015. "Emergence of Asian GAPs and its relationship to global G.A.P," IDE Discussion Papers 507, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).
    16. Müller, Anna K. & Theuvsen, Ludwig, 2015. "Financial literacy and food safety standards in Guatemala: The heterogeneous impact of GlobalGAP on farm income," Discussion Papers 199383, Georg-August-Universitaet Goettingen, GlobalFood, Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development.
    17. Johan Swinnen, 2014. "Global Agricultural Value Chains, Standards, and Development," RSCAS Working Papers 2014/30, European University Institute.
    18. Kleemann, Linda & Abdulai, Awudu & Buss, Mareike, 2013. "Is organic farming worth its investment? The adoption and impact of certified pineapple farming in Ghana," Kiel Working Papers 1856, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    19. Ebata, Ayako & Huttel, Silke, 2015. "Do development projects link smallholdrs to markets?," 2015 Conference, August 9-14, 2015, Milan, Italy 211583, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    20. Krumbiegel, Katharina & Maertens, Miet & Wollni, Meike, 2018. "The Role of Fairtrade Certification for Wages and Job Satisfaction of Plantation Workers," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 102(C), pages 195-212.


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