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Corporate social responsibility and bank efficiency


  • Belasri, Sanaa
  • Gomes, Mathieu
  • Pijourlet, Guillaume


Banks play a predominant role in the economy and are subject to growing expectations from stakeholders. It is therefore important to understand the financial impact of CSR on banks’ activities. This article examines the impact of CSR on bank efficiency by using a DEA Dynamic Network Model. Based on an international sample of 184 banks in 41 countries over the 2009–2015 period, our empirical investigation reveals a positive impact of CSR on bank efficiency. We further show that this relationship is contingent upon the institutional context. Specifically, we find that CSR has a positive impact on bank efficiency only in developed countries, in countries where investor protection is high and in countries featuring a high degree of stakeholder orientation. We thus assert that some institutional characteristics must be present for the positive impact of CSR on bank efficiency to materialize.

Suggested Citation

  • Belasri, Sanaa & Gomes, Mathieu & Pijourlet, Guillaume, 2020. "Corporate social responsibility and bank efficiency," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, vol. 54(C).
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:mulfin:v:54:y:2020:i:c:s1042444x20300013
    DOI: 10.1016/j.mulfin.2020.100612

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    Cited by:

    1. E. Jeroh, 2020. "Firms Attributes, Corporate Social Responsibility Disclosure and the Financial Performance of Listed Companies in Nigeria," Asian Economic and Financial Review, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 10(6), pages 727-743, June.
    2. Saeed Nosratabadi & Gergo Pinter & Amir Mosavi & Sandor Semperger, 2020. "Sustainable Banking; Evaluation of the European Business Models," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(6), pages 1-19, March.
    3. Saeed Nosratabadi & Gergo Pinter & Amir Mosavi & Sandor Semperger, 2020. "Sustainable Banking; Evaluation of the European Business Models," Papers 2003.13423,
    4. Estefanía Montoya-Cruz & José Pedro Ramos-Requena & Juan Evangelista Trinidad-Segovia & Miguel Ángel Sánchez-Granero, 2020. "Exploring Arbitrage Strategies in Corporate Social Responsibility Companies," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(16), pages 1-17, August.
    5. Antonio Fabio Forgione & Issam Laguir & Raffaele Staglianò, 2020. "Effect of corporate social responsibility scores on bank efficiency: The moderating role of institutional context," Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 27(5), pages 2094-2106, September.


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