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Corporate social responsibility in the banking industry: Motives and financial performance

Listed author(s):
  • Wu, Meng-Wen
  • Shen, Chung-Hua
Registered author(s):

    The current study investigates the association between corporate social responsibility (CSR) and financial performance (FP), and discusses the driving motives of banks to engage in CSR. Three motives, namely, strategic choices, altruism, and greenwashing, suggest that the relationship between CSR and FP is positive, non-negative, and non-existent, respectively. We obtained our sample, which covered 2003–2009, from the Ethical Investment Research Service (EIRIS) databank and Bankscope database. The data consists of 162 banks in 22 countries. We then classified the banks into four types based on their degree of engagement in CSR. This study proposes the use of an extended version of the Heckman two-step regression, in which the first step adopts a multinomial logit model, and the second step estimates the performance equation with the inverse Mills ratio generated by the first step. The empirical results show that CSR positively associates with FP in terms of return on assets, return on equity, net interest income, and non-interest income. In contrast, CSR negatively associates with non-performing loans. Hence, strategic choice is the primary motive of banks to engage in CSR.

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    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378426613002069
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    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Banking & Finance.

    Volume (Year): 37 (2013)
    Issue (Month): 9 ()
    Pages: 3529-3547

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:jbfina:v:37:y:2013:i:9:p:3529-3547
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jbankfin.2013.04.023
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jbf

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