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The heterogeneous incidence of fuel carbon taxes: Evidence from station-level data

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  • Harju, Jarkko
  • Kosonen, Tuomas
  • Laukkanen, Marita
  • Palanne, Kimmo

Abstract

We use station-level price data and a significant diesel fuel carbon tax reform to study who bears the economic burden of fuel carbon taxes. We use a difference-in-differences strategy to estimate the pass-through of the large carbon tax increase to retail prices, where we compare retail diesel prices faced by private motorists to retail gasoline prices. We find that on average fuel carbon taxes are less than fully passed through to consumer prices, which suggests that consumers and the supply chain split the burden of these taxes. Using information on station location, we match price observations with postcode-level average incomes and measures of urbanization, and show that there are significant differences in the pass-through rate across areal incomes and between rural and urban areas up to one year after the reform. The effect of fuel carbon taxes on consumer prices decreases with areal income and with the degree of urbanization.

Suggested Citation

  • Harju, Jarkko & Kosonen, Tuomas & Laukkanen, Marita & Palanne, Kimmo, 2022. "The heterogeneous incidence of fuel carbon taxes: Evidence from station-level data," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 112(C).
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jeeman:v:112:y:2022:i:c:s0095069621001443
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jeem.2021.102607
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    2. David Bonilla & David Banister & Uberto Salgado Nieto, 2022. "Tax or Clean Technology? Measuring the True Effect on Carbon Emissions Mitigation for Sweden and Norway," Energies, MDPI, vol. 15(11), pages 1-24, May.
    3. Jingyu Liu & Weidong Meng & Bo Huang & Yuyu Li, 2022. "Factors Influencing Intergovernmental Cooperation on Emission Reduction in Chengdu-Chongqing Urban Agglomeration: An Evolutionary Game Theory Perspective," IJERPH, MDPI, vol. 19(22), pages 1-20, November.
    4. Tsvetan Tsvetanov, 2022. "Tax Holidays and the Heterogeneous Pass-Through of Gasoline Taxes," WORKING PAPERS SERIES IN THEORETICAL AND APPLIED ECONOMICS 202219, University of Kansas, Department of Economics.
    5. Drolsbach, Chiara Patricia & Gail, Maximilian Maurice & Klotz, Phil-Adrian, 2023. "Pass-through of Temporary Fuel Tax Reductions: Evidence from Europe," VfS Annual Conference 2023 (Regensburg): Growth and the "sociale Frage" 277655, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    6. Can Erutku & Vincent Hildebrand, 2023. "Carbon tax pass‐through in Canadian retail gasoline markets," Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue canadienne d'économique, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 56(3), pages 940-963, August.
    7. Felix Montag & Robin Mamrak & Alina Sagimuldina & Monika Schnitzer, 2023. "Imperfect Price Information, Market Power, and Tax Pass-Through," Rationality and Competition Discussion Paper Series 414, CRC TRR 190 Rationality and Competition.
    8. Drolsbach, Chiara Patricia & Gail, Maximilian Maurice & Klotz, Phil-Adrian, 2023. "Pass-through of temporary fuel tax reductions: Evidence from Europe," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 183(C).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Carbon tax; Carbon pricing; Fuel tax; Tax incidence; Distributional effects;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • H22 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Incidence
    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
    • Q41 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Demand and Supply; Prices
    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming
    • Q58 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Government Policy

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