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Does private school competition improve public school performance? The case of Nepal

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  • Thapa, Amrit

Abstract

Using data from the survey of the Ministry of Education, Nepal-2005 for school leaving certificate (SLC) exam, this paper attempts to estimate the impact of private school competition on public school performance for the case of Nepal. The study uses the number of private schools in the neighborhood as a measure of competition. The identification problem is that private school enrollment is likely to be correlated with public school performance. To address this, the study uses the existence of a motorable road within an hour's walking distance from the sample school as an instrument for number of private schools in the neighborhood. The OLS results show no significant relationship. In contrast, the IV method indicates a positive and significant impact of private school competition on public school performance, which holds true for the continuous and binary measure of private school competition.

Suggested Citation

  • Thapa, Amrit, 2013. "Does private school competition improve public school performance? The case of Nepal," International Journal of Educational Development, Elsevier, vol. 33(4), pages 358-366.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:injoed:v:33:y:2013:i:4:p:358-366
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ijedudev.2012.07.004
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Krafft, Caroline & Elbadawy, Asmaa & Sieverding, Maia, 2017. "Constrained School Choice in Egypt," GLO Discussion Paper Series 134, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
    2. Richard J. Cebula & Joshua C. Hall & Maria Y. Tackett, 2017. "Non-public competition and public school performance: evidence from West Virginia," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 49(12), pages 1185-1193, March.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Privatization; Competitive effects; School choice; International education;

    JEL classification:

    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General

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