Could do better: The effectiveness of incentives and competition in schools
This paper studies the effects of incentive mechanisms and of the competitive environment on the interaction between schools and students, in a set-up where their effort affects the students' educational attainment. We show that increasing the power of the incentive scheme and the effectiveness of competition may have the counterintuitive effect of lowering the students' attainment. In a simple dynamic set-up, where the reputation of the schools affects recruitment, and we show that increased competition leads to segregation of pupils by ability.
(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)
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