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A cost–benefit analysis of Basel III: Some evidence from the UK

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  • Yan, Meilan
  • Hall, Maximilian J.B.
  • Turner, Paul

Abstract

This paper provides a long-term cost–benefit analysis for the United Kingdom of the Basel III capital and liquidity requirements proposed by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS, 2010a). We provide evidence that the Basel III reforms will have a significant net positive long-term effect on the United Kingdom economy. The estimated optimal tangible common equity capital ratio is 10% of risk-weighted assets, which is larger than the Basel III target of 7%. We also estimate the maximum net benefit when banks meet the Basel III long-term liquidity requirements. Our estimated permanent net benefit is larger than the average estimates of the BCBS. This significant marginal benefit suggests that UK banks need to increase their reliance on common equity in their capital base beyond the level required by Basel III as well as boosting customer deposits as a funding source.

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  • Yan, Meilan & Hall, Maximilian J.B. & Turner, Paul, 2012. "A cost–benefit analysis of Basel III: Some evidence from the UK," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 73-82.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:finana:v:25:y:2012:i:c:p:73-82
    DOI: 10.1016/j.irfa.2012.06.009
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    5. Chalermchatvichien, Pichaphop & Jumreornvong, Seksak & Jiraporn, Pornsit, 2014. "Basel III, capital stability, risk-taking, ownership: Evidence from Asia," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 28-46.
    6. Igan, Deniz & Mirzaei, Ali, 2020. "Does going tough on banks make the going get tough? Bank liquidity regulations, capital requirements, and sectoral activity," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 177(C), pages 688-726.
    7. Ashraf, Dawood & Rizwan, Muhammad Suhail & L’Huillier, Barbara, 2016. "A net stable funding ratio for Islamic banks and its impact on financial stability: An international investigation," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 47-57.
    8. Hong, Han & Huang, Jing-Zhi & Wu, Deming, 2014. "The information content of Basel III liquidity risk measures," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 15(C), pages 91-111.
    9. Giuliana Birindelli & Paola Ferretti & Marco Savioli, 2016. "Basel 3: Does One Size Really Fit All Banks' Business Models?," Working Paper series 16-20, Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis.
    10. Muhammad Saifuddin Khan, 2018. "The Role of Liquidity in Financial Intermediation," PhD Thesis, Finance Discipline Group, UTS Business School, University of Technology, Sydney, number 1-2018, August.
    11. Brooke, Martin & Bush, Oliver & Edwards, Robert & Ellis, Jas & Francis, Bill & Harimohan, Rashmi & Neiss, Katharine & Siegert, Caspar, 2015. "Financial Stability Paper No. 35: Measuring the macroeconomic costs and benefits of higher UK bank capital requirements -," Bank of England Financial Stability Papers 35, Bank of England.
    12. Cañón, Carlos & Margaretic, Paula, 2014. "Correlated bank runs, interbank markets and reserve requirements," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 515-533.
    13. Dietrich, Andreas & Hess, Kurt & Wanzenried, Gabrielle, 2014. "The good and bad news about the new liquidity rules of Basel III in Western European countries," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 13-25.
    14. Schmitt, Matthias & Schmaltz, Christian, 2016. "Potential implications of a NSFR on German banks' credit supply and profitability," Discussion Papers 37/2016, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    15. Tran, Vuong Thao & Lin, Chien-Ting & Nguyen, Hoa, 2016. "Liquidity creation, regulatory capital, and bank profitability," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 98-109.
    16. Xiong, Wanting & Wang, Yougui, 2018. "The impact of Basel III on money creation: A synthetic theoretical analysis," Economics - The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW), vol. 12, pages 1-34.
    17. Changjun Zheng & Mohammed Mizanur Rahman & Munni Begum & Badar Nadeem Ashraf, 2017. "Capital Regulation, the Cost of Financial Intermediation and Bank Profitability: Evidence from Bangladesh," Journal of Risk and Financial Management, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(2), pages 1-24, April.
    18. Ly, Kim Cuong & Chen, Zhizhen & Wang, Senyu & Jiang, Yuxiang, 2017. "The Basel III net stable funding ratio adjustment speed and systemic risk," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 39(PA), pages 169-182.
    19. de Ramon, Sebastian & Francis, William & Milonas, Kristoffer, 2017. "An overview of the UK banking sector since the Basel Accord: insights from a new regulatory database," Bank of England working papers 652, Bank of England.
    20. Shahchera , Mahshid & Taheri , Mandana, 2017. "Liquidity Coverage Ratio, Ownership, Stability: Evidence from Iran," Journal of Money and Economy, Monetary and Banking Research Institute, Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran, vol. 12(2), pages 175-191, April.
    21. Shumaila Meer Perhiar & Changjun Zheng & Probir Kumar Bhowmik, 2020. "Cost and Benefit of Commercial Banks’ Capital Regulations of Australia, Norway, and Pakistan," Advances in Management and Applied Economics, SCIENPRESS Ltd, vol. 10(1), pages 1-5.
    22. Jan Novotn?? & Jan Hanousek & Ev??en Ko??enda, 2013. "Price Jump Indicators: Stock Market Empirics During the Crisis," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series wp1050, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
    23. Giebel, Marek & Kraft, Kornelius, 2020. "R&D investment under financing constraints," ZEW Discussion Papers 20-018, ZEW - Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research.
    24. Torchiani, Ingo & Heidorn, Thomas & Schmaltz, Christian, 2017. "An integrated shortfall measure for Basel III," Discussion Papers 26/2017, Deutsche Bundesbank.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Basel III; Cost–benefit analysis; Tangible common equity capital; Liquidity;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • C53 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Forecasting and Prediction Models; Simulation Methods
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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