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How industrialization and urbanization process impacts on CO2 emissions in China: Evidence from nonparametric additive regression models

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  • Xu, Bin
  • Lin, Boqiang

Abstract

This paper examines the impacts of industrialization and urbanization on CO2 emissions in China using nonparametric additive regression models and provincial panel data from 1990 to 2011. The empirical results show that there is an inverted U-shaped nonlinear relationship between industrialization and CO2 emissions in the three regions in China. Urbanization follows an inverted U-shaped pattern with CO2 emissions in the eastern region, and a positive U-shaped pattern in the central region. However, the nonlinear impact of urbanization on CO2 emissions is insignificant in the western region. As a result, the differential dynamic effects of industrialization and urbanization on CO2 emissions in the three regions should be taken into consideration in reducing China's CO2 emissions.

Suggested Citation

  • Xu, Bin & Lin, Boqiang, 2015. "How industrialization and urbanization process impacts on CO2 emissions in China: Evidence from nonparametric additive regression models," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 188-202.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:eneeco:v:48:y:2015:i:c:p:188-202
    DOI: 10.1016/j.eneco.2015.01.005
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Industrialization; Urbanization; CO2 emissions;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q43 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy and the Macroeconomy
    • Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy
    • Q53 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General

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