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Electricity sector reforms in four Latin-American countries and their impact on carbon dioxide emissions and renewable energy

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  • Janet Ruiz-Mendoza, Belizza
  • Sheinbaum-Pardo, Claudia

Abstract

This paper analyzes carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions related to energy consumption for electricity generation in four Latin-American countries in the context of the liberalization process. From 1990 to 2006, power plants based on renewable energy sources decreased its share in power installed capacity, and the carbon index defined as CO2 emission by unit of energy for electricity production stayed almost constant for all countries with the exception of Colombia, where the index reduced due to increase in hydroelectricity generation in the last years. The paper also presents a new set of policies to promote renewable energy sources that have been developed in the four countries. The paper concludes that restructuring did not bring about environmental benefits related to a decrease in CO2 emissions because this depend on the existence of committed policies, and dedicated institutional and regulatory frameworks.

Suggested Citation

  • Janet Ruiz-Mendoza, Belizza & Sheinbaum-Pardo, Claudia, 2010. "Electricity sector reforms in four Latin-American countries and their impact on carbon dioxide emissions and renewable energy," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(11), pages 6755-6766, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:38:y:2010:i:11:p:6755-6766
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Reynolds, Travis & Kolodinsky, Jane & Murray, Byron, 2012. "Consumer preferences and willingness to pay for compact fluorescent lighting: Policy implications for energy efficiency promotion in Saint Lucia," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 712-722.
    2. Huesca-Pérez, María Elena & Sheinbaum-Pardo, Claudia & Köppel, Johann, 2016. "Social implications of siting wind energy in a disadvantaged region – The case of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, Mexico," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 952-965.
    3. Yuhuan Zhao & Hao Li & Zhonghua Zhang & Yongfeng Zhang & Song Wang & Ya Liu, 2017. "Decomposition and scenario analysis of CO2 emissions in China’s power industry: based on LMDI method," Natural Hazards: Journal of the International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, Springer;International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, vol. 86(2), pages 645-668, March.
    4. Osorio, A.F. & Ortega, Santiago & Arango-Aramburo, Santiago, 2016. "Assessment of the marine power potential in Colombia," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 966-977.
    5. Alemán-Nava, Gibrán S. & Casiano-Flores, Victor H. & Cárdenas-Chávez, Diana L. & Díaz-Chavez, Rocío & Scarlat, Nicolae & Mahlknecht, Jürgen & Dallemand, Jean-Francois & Parra, Roberto, 2014. "Renewable energy research progress in Mexico: A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 140-153.
    6. Zhou, Kaile & Yang, Shanlin & Shen, Chao & Ding, Shuai & Sun, Chaoping, 2015. "Energy conservation and emission reduction of China’s electric power industry," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 10-19.
    7. Ramírez-Camperos, Adriana María & Rodríguez-Padilla, Víctor & Guido-Aldana, Pedro Antonio, 2013. "The Mexican electricity sector: Policy analysis and reform (1992–2009)," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 1092-1103.
    8. Karanfil, Fatih & Li, Yuanjing, 2015. "Electricity consumption and economic growth: Exploring panel-specific differences," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 82(C), pages 264-277.
    9. Xu, Bin & Lin, Boqiang, 2015. "How industrialization and urbanization process impacts on CO2 emissions in China: Evidence from nonparametric additive regression models," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 188-202.
    10. Zhao, Xiaoli & Ma, Qian & Yang, Rui, 2013. "Factors influencing CO2 emissions in China's power industry: Co-integration analysis," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 89-98.
    11. Sheinbaum, Claudia & Ruíz, Belizza J. & Ozawa, Leticia, 2011. "Energy consumption and related CO2 emissions in five Latin American countries: Changes from 1990 to 2006 and perspectives," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 36(6), pages 3629-3638.
    12. Zhou, Kaile & Yang, Shanlin & Shao, Zhen, 2016. "Energy Internet: The business perspective," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 178(C), pages 212-222.
    13. Alpizar–Castro, Israel & Rodríguez–Monroy, Carlos, 2016. "Review of Mexico׳s energy reform in 2013: Background, analysis of the reform and reactions," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 725-736.
    14. repec:gam:jeners:v:12:y:2019:i:10:p:1916-:d:232548 is not listed on IDEAS

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