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Pairwise-difference estimation of incomplete information games

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Abstract

This paper contributes to the literature on econometric estimation of incomplete information games with Nash equilibrium behavior by introducing a two-step estimation procedure that makes no parametric assumptions about the distribution of unobservable payoffs shocks. Instead, its asymptotic properties rely on assuming only that these distributions satisfy an invertibility condition, and that the underlying equilibrium selection mechanism is degenerate. Our methodology relies on a pairwise-differencing procedure which, unlike Aradillas-Lopez (2010), does not require computing the equilibria of the game. Furthermore, if normal-form payoffs are linear in the parameters of interest, our procedure results in an estimator with a closed-form expression. We contribute to the pairwise-differencing econometric literature by introducing the first model, where both the control variables being matched and the regressors in the index function parameterized by θ contain nonparametric functions. In particular, the asymptotic theory developed in Aradillas-Lopez et al. (2007) does not cover this setting. We describe conditions under which nonparametrically estimated plug-ins yield a N-consistent and asymptotically normal estimator for the parameter of interest. A consistent specification test based on semiparametric residuals is also developed. It appears to be the first test of this type for a model involving nonparametric or “generated” regressors. Several extensions of our method are also discussed. A series of Monte Carlo experiments are used to investigate the properties of our estimator and our specification test.

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  • Aradillas-Lopez, Andres, 2012. "Pairwise-difference estimation of incomplete information games," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 168(1), pages 120-140.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:econom:v:168:y:2012:i:1:p:120-140
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jeconom.2011.09.010
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    5. Wang, Yafeng & Graham, Brett, 2010. "Identification and Estimation of a Discrete Game by Observing its Correlated Equilibria," MPRA Paper 45656, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 16 May 2011.
    6. Lin, Zhongjian & Tang, Xun & Yu, Ning Neil, 2021. "Uncovering heterogeneous social effects in binary choices," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 222(2), pages 959-973.
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    9. Jean-Pierre H. Dubé & Ali Hortaçsu & Joonhwi Joo, 2020. "Random-Coefficients Logit Demand Estimation with Zero-Valued Market Shares," NBER Working Papers 26795, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    10. Elia Lapenta, 2022. "A Bootstrap Specification Test for Semiparametric Models with Generated Regressors," Papers 2212.11112, arXiv.org, revised Oct 2023.
    11. Marcoux, Mathieu, 2022. "Strategic interactions in mobile network investment with a new entrant and unobserved heterogeneity," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 82(C).
    12. He, Yinghua, 2012. "Gaming the Boston School Choice Mechanism in Beijing," TSE Working Papers 12-345, Toulouse School of Economics (TSE).
    13. Aradillas-Lopez, Andres, 2010. "Semiparametric estimation of a simultaneous game with incomplete information," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 157(2), pages 409-431, August.
    14. Eric Auerbach, 2019. "Identification and Estimation of a Partially Linear Regression Model using Network Data," Papers 1903.09679, arXiv.org, revised Jun 2021.
    15. Erhao Xie, 2018. "Inference in Games Without Nash Equilibrium: An Application to Restaurants, Competition in Opening Hours," Staff Working Papers 18-60, Bank of Canada.
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