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Local exposure to toxic releases: Examining the role of ethnic fractionalization and polarisation

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  • Cole, Matthew A.
  • Elliott, Robert J.R.
  • Khemmarat, Khemrutai

Abstract

This paper examines the role played by community characteristics in influencing local exposure to toxic releases, focusing specifically on ethnic fractionalization and polarisation. In contrast to the previous literature, this study argues that it is the fractionalization and/or polarisation of ethnic groups that is the relevant consideration, rather than the population share of ethnic minorities, since such ethnic divisions may significantly increase the difficulty of coordinating community action. Using toxic release data for the periods 1990 to 1995 and 2000 to 2005 we find that measures of ethnic divisions have a positive relationship with toxic releases. This finding persists across a range of robustness exercises.

Suggested Citation

  • Cole, Matthew A. & Elliott, Robert J.R. & Khemmarat, Khemrutai, 2013. "Local exposure to toxic releases: Examining the role of ethnic fractionalization and polarisation," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 93(C), pages 249-259.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecolec:v:93:y:2013:i:c:p:249-259
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2013.05.011
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    Cited by:

    1. Zwickl, Klara & Ash, Michael & Boyce, James K., 2014. "Regional variation in environmental inequality: Industrial air toxics exposure in U.S. cities," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 107(C), pages 494-509.
    2. Polemis, Michael & Stengos, Thanasis, 2017. "Does Competition Prevent Industrial Pollution? Evidence from a Panel Threshold Model," MPRA Paper 85177, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. repec:eee:jeeman:v:85:y:2017:i:c:p:21-34 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Parcero, Osiris J. & Papyrakis, Elissaios, 2016. "Income inequality and the oil resource curse," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 159-177.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Pollution; Ethnic divisions; Fractionalization; Polarisation; Community characteristics; Environmental justice;

    JEL classification:

    • Q53 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • D70 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - General

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