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Cohort crowding and nonresident college enrollment


  • Winters, John V.


This study uses a fixed effects panel data framework to examine the effects of cohort crowding and other variables on nonresident enrollment at four-year public colleges and universities. The results suggest that larger cohorts of resident students crowd out nonresident students at flagship universities, but there is inconsistent evidence of crowd out at non-flagship schools. Additionally, larger cohorts of resident students result in increased nonresident tuition at flagship universities but not at non-flagship schools. When faced with larger cohorts of resident students, flagship universities lower the numbers of nonresident students enrolled and raise the price for nonresidents.

Suggested Citation

  • Winters, John V., 2012. "Cohort crowding and nonresident college enrollment," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 30-40.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecoedu:v:31:y:2012:i:3:p:30-40 DOI: 10.1016/j.econedurev.2012.01.001

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Yuexing Lan & John V Winters, 2011. "Did the D.C. Tuition Assistance Grant Program Cause Out-of-State Tuition to Increase?," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 31(3), pages 2444-2453.
    2. David L. Sjoquist & John V. Winters, 2016. "The Effects of State Merit Aid Programs on Attendance at Elite Colleges," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 83(2), pages 527-549, October.
    3. David L. Sjoquist & John V. Winters, 2015. "State Merit Aid Programs and College Major: A Focus on STEM," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 33(4), pages 973-1006.
    4. repec:oup:jecgeo:v:17:y:2017:i:5:p:1075-1110. is not listed on IDEAS
    5. David L. Sjoquist & John V. Winters, 2015. "State Merit-Based Financial Aid Programs And College Attainment," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 55(3), pages 364-390, June.
    6. Stephen Machin & Richard Murphy, 2017. "Paying out and crowding out? The globalization of higher education," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 17(5), pages 1075-1110.

    More about this item


    College enrollment; Nonresident; Out-of-state; Cohort crowding;

    JEL classification:

    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General
    • I23 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Higher Education; Research Institutions


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