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Are State Non-Need, Merit-Based Scholarship Programs Impacting College Enrollment?

Author

Listed:
  • Patricia L. Farrell

    () (Association for the Study of Higher Education, College of Education, Michigan State University)

  • Gregory S. Kienzl

    () (College of Education, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign)

Abstract

This study examines whether non-need, merit-based scholarship programs are effective in encouraging students to enroll in postsecondary education and, more specifically, attend an in-state college. National residence and migration data from 1992 to 2004 (alternating even years) were used within a fixed effect regression framework. This approach, combined with interaction terms that capture different program implementation periods, is an attempt to enhance the current understanding of scholarship programs on college enrollment. The results suggest that these programs have a significant impact on college enrollment after controlling for state-level factors, but the effect depends on when the program was implemented, who is eligible to receive aid, and how much aid these students are awarded. © 2009 American Education Finance Association

Suggested Citation

  • Patricia L. Farrell & Gregory S. Kienzl, 2009. "Are State Non-Need, Merit-Based Scholarship Programs Impacting College Enrollment?," Education Finance and Policy, MIT Press, vol. 4(2), pages 150-174, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:tpr:edfpol:v:4:y:2009:i:2:p:150-174
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. David L. Sjoquist & John V. Winters, 2015. "State Merit Aid Programs and College Major: A Focus on STEM," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 33(4), pages 973-1006.
    2. Winters, John V., 2012. "Cohort crowding and nonresident college enrollment," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 30-40.
    3. Sjoquist, David L. & Winters, John V., 2013. "The effects of HOPE on post-college retention in the Georgia workforce," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(3), pages 479-490.
    4. Davis, Matt & Vedder, Andrea & Stone, Joe, 2015. "Local Tax Limits, Student Achievement, and School-Finance Equalization," MPRA Paper 63704, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. David L. Sjoquist & John V. Winters, 2016. "The Effects of State Merit Aid Programs on Attendance at Elite Colleges," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 83(2), pages 527-549, October.
    6. David L. Sjoquist & John V. Winters, 2015. "State Merit-Based Financial Aid Programs And College Attainment," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 55(3), pages 364-390, June.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    merit-based scholarship programs; college enrollment;

    JEL classification:

    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • I23 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Higher Education; Research Institutions
    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy

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