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Bank ownership, performance, and the politics: Evidence from Taiwan

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  • Chen, Pei-Fen
  • Liu, Ping-Chin

Abstract

This paper investigates the effects of politics on the performances of financial institutions in Taiwan over the period from 1994 through 2009 using the two-stage generalized method of moments approach. We argue that politics and financial institutions are related and this relationship varies with the ownership of financial institutions. Our main findings are, firstly, during election years, the private financial institutions earned higher ROA and loan growth than the government- and foreign-owned. Secondly, government-owned institutions are not affected by current elections for all measures of performance, while foreign institutions significantly earned lower ROA, higher interest margin, and spent higher overhead costs. The finding that lendings of government-owned institutions are no longer subject to political pressures across time implies partial success of financial reforms in Taiwan.

Suggested Citation

  • Chen, Pei-Fen & Liu, Ping-Chin, 2013. "Bank ownership, performance, and the politics: Evidence from Taiwan," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 578-585.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecmode:v:31:y:2013:i:c:p:578-585
    DOI: 10.1016/j.econmod.2012.12.006
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Emanuele BACCHIOCCHI & Matteo FERRARI & Massimo FLORIO & Daniela VANDONE, 2015. "State-Owned Banks: Acquirers in M&A deals," CIRIEC Working Papers 1508, CIRIEC - Université de Liège.
    2. Tammuz Alraheb & Amine Tarazi, 2016. "Local Versus International Crises, Foreign Subsidiaries and Bank Stability: Evidence from the MENA Region," Working Papers 1045, Economic Research Forum, revised 09 Jan 2016.
    3. Juo, Jia-Ching & Fu, Tsu-Tan & Yu, Ming-Miin & Lin, Yu-Hui, 2015. "Profit-oriented productivity change," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 57(PB), pages 176-187.
    4. Mostak Ahamed, M., 2017. "Asset quality, non-interest income, and bank profitability: Evidence from Indian banks," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 1-14.
    5. Bhimjee, Diptes C. & Ramos, Sofia B. & Dias, José G., 2016. "Banking industry performance in the wake of the global financial crisis," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 376-387.
    6. Li-Hua Lai & Li-Chin Hung & Chau-Jung Kuo, 2016. "Do Well-Financial Holding Company Organized Banks in Taiwan Take More Risk?," Review of Pacific Basin Financial Markets and Policies (RPBFMP), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 19(04), pages 1-30, December.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Financial institutions; Election; Bank ownership; Bank performance;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G23 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Non-bank Financial Institutions; Financial Instruments; Institutional Investors
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • D21 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Theory

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