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Bank discrimination, holding bank ownership, and economic consequences: Evidence from China

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  • Lu, Zhengfei
  • Zhu, Jigao
  • Zhang, Weining

Abstract

This paper finds that compared with Chinese state-owned firms, non-state-owned firms have a greater propensity to hold significant ownership in commercial banks. These results are consistent with the notion that because non-state-owned firms are more likely to suffer bank discrimination for political reasons, they tend to address their financing disadvantages by building economic bonds with banks. We also find that among non-state-owned firms, those that hold significant bank ownership have lower interest expenses, and are less likely to increase cash holdings but more likely to obtain short-term loans when the government monetary policy is tight. These results suggest that the firms building economic bonds with banks can enjoy benefits such as lower financial expenses and better lending terms during difficult times. Finally, we find that non-state-owned firms with significant bank ownership have better operating performance. Overall, we find that firms can reduce discrimination through holding bank ownership.

Suggested Citation

  • Lu, Zhengfei & Zhu, Jigao & Zhang, Weining, 2012. "Bank discrimination, holding bank ownership, and economic consequences: Evidence from China," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 36(2), pages 341-354.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jbfina:v:36:y:2012:i:2:p:341-354
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jbankfin.2011.07.012
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    1. Chen, Pei-Fen & Liu, Ping-Chin, 2013. "Bank ownership, performance, and the politics: Evidence from Taiwan," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 578-585.
    2. Feng Wei & Yu Kong, 2014. "Government Governance, Legal Environment and Sustainable Economic Development," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 6(4), pages 1-16, April.
    3. Tsai, Ying-Ju & Chen, Yi-Pei & Lin, Chi-Ling & Hung, Jung-Hua, 2014. "The effect of banking system reform on investment–cash flow sensitivity: Evidence from China," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 166-176.
    4. Schlueter, Tobias & Sievers, Soenke & Hartmann-Wendels, Thomas, 2015. "Bank funding stability, pricing strategies and the guidance of depositors," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 43-61.
    5. repec:eee:ecofin:v:44:y:2018:i:c:p:235-253 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Davis, Christina & Fuchs, Andreas & Johnson , Kristina, 2014. "State Control and the Effects of Foreign Relations on Bilateral Trade," Working Papers 0576, University of Heidelberg, Department of Economics.
    7. Mamatzakis, Emmanuel & Zhang, Xiaoxiang & Wang, Chaoke, 2017. "Ownership structure and bank performance: An emerging market perspective," MPRA Paper 80653, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Andrea Fracasso, 2015. "Economic Rebalancing and Growth: the Japanese experience and China’s prospects," DEM Discussion Papers 2015/07, Department of Economics and Management.
    9. Bhimani, Alnoor & Dai, Narisa Tianjing & Sivabalan, Prabhu & Tang, Guliang, 2017. "How do enterprises respond to a managerial accounting performance measure mandated by the state?," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 83687, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
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    13. Wenli Cheng & Yongzeng Wu, 2016. "Bank Finance for Private Firms in China: Does Political Capital Still Pay Off?," Monash Economics Working Papers 07-16, Monash University, Department of Economics.
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    16. Schlüter, Tobias & Sievers, Sönke & Hartmann-Wendels, Thomas, 2012. "How can banks effectively stabilize their retail customers saving behavior? The impact of contractual rewards on saving persistence and cash flow volatility," Annual Conference 2012 (Goettingen): New Approaches and Challenges for the Labor Market of the 21st Century 62057, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bank discrimination; Holding bank ownership; State-owned firms; Political connections; Bank loan;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • G30 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - General

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