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State - owned banks from Romania

Author

Listed:
  • Dumitriu, Ramona
  • Stefanescu, Razvan
  • Nistor, Costel

Abstract

: In Romania, as in many Central and Eastern Europe countries, during the communist regime all the banks were owned by the state and their activities were circumscribed by rigid norms. After the communist regime had fallen, the state owned banks had to adapt to a competitive environment. The management inefficiency, the political interests and the corruption led some of these banks to critical situations. Such circumstances convinced Romanian authorities to privatize the banks owned by state. From the seven state-owned banks that activated in the 1990s in Romania, one had to be closed, four were privatized and two are still in the state propriety. In this paper we approach some turning points in the evolutions of these banks. We also try to configure the future of the remained state-owned banks.

Suggested Citation

  • Dumitriu, Ramona & Stefanescu, Razvan & Nistor, Costel, 2012. "State - owned banks from Romania," MPRA Paper 52768, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Jan 2013.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:52768
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/52768/1/MPRA_paper_52768.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Ownership of Banks; Transition; Political Interests; Corruption; Privatization;

    JEL classification:

    • G18 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • L33 - Industrial Organization - - Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise - - - Comparison of Public and Private Enterprise and Nonprofit Institutions; Privatization; Contracting Out
    • P34 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - Finance

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