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Parliamentary election cycles and the Turkish banking sector

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  • Baum, Christopher F.
  • Caglayan, Mustafa
  • Talavera, Oleksandr

Abstract

This paper analyzes the effects of parliamentary election cycles on the Turkish banking system. Using annual bank-level data representing all banks in Turkey during 1963-2007, we present evidence of meaningful differences in the structure of bank assets, liabilities and financial performance across different stages of the parliamentary election cycle. However, we find that government-owned banks' behavior does not meaningfully differ from that of either domestic and foreign-owned private-sector banks before, during or after elections. Our estimates also show that government-owned banks underperform both domestic and foreign-owned private-sector counterparts.

Suggested Citation

  • Baum, Christopher F. & Caglayan, Mustafa & Talavera, Oleksandr, 2010. "Parliamentary election cycles and the Turkish banking sector," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 34(11), pages 2709-2719, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jbfina:v:34:y:2010:i:11:p:2709-2719
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    3. Marcelin, Isaac & Stephen, Sheryl-Ann K. & Fanta, Fassil & Tecklezion, Mussie, 2019. "Political regimes, investment and electoral uncertainty," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 580-599.
    4. Muhammad Haris & Hongxing Yao & Gulzara Tariq & Hafiz Mustansar Javaid & Qurat Ul Ain, 2019. "Corporate Governance, Political Connections, and Bank Performance," International Journal of Financial Studies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 7(4), pages 1-37, October.
    5. Jackowicz, Krzysztof & Kozłowski, Łukasz & Podgórski, Błażej & Winkler-Drews, Tadeusz, 2020. "Do political connections shield from negative shocks? Evidence from rating changes in advanced emerging economies," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 51(C).
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    7. Olalekan Usiobaifo Asikhia, 2016. "Ethical Banking Determinants across Nations: A Meta-Analysis," Journal of Economics and Behavioral Studies, AMH International, vol. 8(3), pages 115-126.
    8. Fungáčová, Zuzana & Schoors, Koen & Solanko, Laura & Weill, Laurent, 2020. "Political cycles and bank lending in Russia," BOFIT Discussion Papers 8/2020, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
    9. Belma Öztürkkal & Aslı Togan-Eğrican, 2020. "Art investment: hedging or safe haven through financial crises," Journal of Cultural Economics, Springer;The Association for Cultural Economics International, vol. 44(3), pages 481-529, September.
    10. Caglayan, Mustafa & Talavera, Oleksandr, 2016. "Dollarization, liquidity and performance: Evidence from Turkish banking," MPRA Paper 72812, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Ameni GHENIMI & khaled OWEIS & Mohamed Ali OMRI, 2016. "Financial stability of islamic banks in the MENA countries during financial crisis and political uncertainty: an empirical investigation," Journal of Academic Finance, RED research unit, university of Gabes, Tunisia, vol. 7(1), June.
    12. Sharon Poczter, 2017. "Democratization and the depoliticization of the banking sector: Are all banks affected equally?," Journal of Economic Policy Reform, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 20(1), pages 26-45, January.
    13. Göktaylar, Yavuz, 2011. "The rise of independent administrative authorities in Turkey: A close look on sources, successes and challenges of this new institutional transformation," 22nd European Regional ITS Conference, Budapest 2011: Innovative ICT Applications - Emerging Regulatory, Economic and Policy Issues 52154, International Telecommunications Society (ITS).
    14. Ghosh, Saibal, 2016. "Political transition and bank performance: How important was the Arab Spring?," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 44(2), pages 372-382.
    15. Arayssi, Mahmoud & Fakih, Ali, 2017. "Finance–growth nexus in a changing political region: How important was the Arab Spring?," Economic Analysis and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 106-123.
    16. Fadzlan Sufian, 2014. "The Nexus between Economic Freedom and Islamic Bank Performance: Empirical Evidence from the MENA Banking Sectors," Contemporary Review of the Middle East, , vol. 1(4), pages 411-439, December.
    17. Badar Nadeem Ashraf & Sidra Arshad & Liang Yan, 2018. "Do Better Political Institutions Help in Reducing Political Pressure on State-Owned Banks? Evidence from Developing Countries," Journal of Risk and Financial Management, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(3), pages 1-18, August.
    18. Mohammad W. Alomari & Ala' G. Bashayreh, 2020. "Modeling the Exports Diversification in the Oil Countries Growth: The Case of Gulf Cooperation Council Countries," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 10(3), pages 119-129.
    19. Sufian, Fadzlan & Habibullah, Muzafar Shah, 2012. "Globalizations and bank performance in China," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 26(2), pages 221-239.
    20. Saibal Ghosh, 2018. "Electoral Cycles and Project Outcomes," Journal of Quantitative Economics, Springer;The Indian Econometric Society (TIES), vol. 16(2), pages 527-552, June.
    21. Sufian, Fadzlan & Habibullah, Muzafar Shah, 2010. "Does economic freedom fosters banks’ performance? Panel evidence from Malaysia," Journal of Contemporary Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 6(2), pages 77-91.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Elections State banks Domestic banks Foreign-owned banks Loans Interest rate margin;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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