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Bubble into reallocation: How bubbles improve capital allocation in China

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  • Ge, Jinfeng
  • Yuan, Yangzhou

Abstract

This paper develops a theoretical framework to shed lights on the relations between the segmented financial market and the housing bubble in China. In our framework, capital misallocation across firms plays a central role. The segmented financial market causes discrimination against private enterprises and favoritism to state-owned firms. This biased financial system not only gives rise to capital misallocation across firms but also significantly pushes down the equilibrium interest rate in the formal financial market. The overly low interest rate in the formal financial market causes a rational bubble in a dynamically efficient economy. More importantly, the bubble improves capital allocation across firms by crowding out inefficient investment in the state-owned sector. Despite the role of improving capital allocation, bubbles may still reduce welfare by crowding out aggregate capital.

Suggested Citation

  • Ge, Jinfeng & Yuan, Yangzhou, 2022. "Bubble into reallocation: How bubbles improve capital allocation in China," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 75(C).
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:chieco:v:75:y:2022:i:c:s1043951x22000815
    DOI: 10.1016/j.chieco.2022.101823
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