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Interest-Rate Liberalization and Capital Misallocations

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  • Zheng Liu
  • Pengfei Wang
  • Zhiwei Xu

Abstract

We study the consequences of interest-rate liberalization in a two-sector general equilibrium model of China. The model captures a key feature of China's distorted financial system: state-owned enterprises (SOEs) have greater incentive to expand production and easier access to credit than private firms. In this second-best environment, liberalizing interest rate controls improves capital allocations within each sector, but exacerbates misallocations across sectors. Under calibrated parameters, interest-rate liberalization may reduce aggregate productivity and welfare, unless other policy reforms are also implemented to alleviate SOEs' distorted incentives or improve private firms' credit access.

Suggested Citation

  • Zheng Liu & Pengfei Wang & Zhiwei Xu, 2017. "Interest-Rate Liberalization and Capital Misallocations," Working Paper Series 2017-15, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedfwp:2017-15
    DOI: 10.24148/wp2017-15
    Note: Date of publication: May 2017.
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    2. Yihao Xue & Qiaoyu Liang & Bing Tong, 2022. "The Effects of Energy Supply Shocks and Interest Rate Liberalization in China," CFDS Discussion Paper Series 2022/1, Center for Financial Development and Stability at Henan University, Kaifeng, Henan, China.
    3. Ding Dong & Zheng Liu & Pengfei Wang, 2021. "Turbulent Business Cycles," Working Paper Series 2021-22, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.
    4. Li, Huiyu, 2022. "Leverage and productivity," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 154(C).
    5. Chang, Chun & Liu, Zheng & Spiegel, Mark M. & Zhang, Jingyi, 2019. "Reserve requirements and optimal Chinese stabilization policy," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 103(C), pages 33-51.
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • G18 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • O41 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models

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