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The role of the sub-national public sector in the stabilization function: Evidence from the Colombian case for the period 1990-2001

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  • Ligia Alba Melo-Becerra

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Abstract

This paper analyses the impact of fiscal decentralization on the stabilization function. Although traditionally the stabilization function has been attributed to central government, regional and local authorities have a role to play in decentralized contexts. The analysis concentrates on the role that sub-national governments play in counteracting cyclical policy and on the relationship between decentralization and the fiscal position of national and sub-national governments. In particular, the stabilization and redistribution obtained by regions as a result of national tax policy and through the intergovernmental transfers system is estimated for Colombia, where deficits increased substantially both at national and local levels after the decentralization process was strengthened in 1991.******El objetivo del documento es analizar el impacto de la descentralización fiscal en la función de estabilización. Aunque tradicionalmente la función de estabilización se ha atribuido al gobierno central, las autoridades regionales y locales desempeñan un papel en esta función en un contexto descentralizado. El análisis se centra en el papel que los gobiernos sub-nacionales desempeñan para contrarrestar la política cíclica y en la relación entre descentralización y la posición fiscal de los gobiernos nacionales y subnacionales. En particular, la estabilización y redistribución que las regiones obtienen mediante la política tributaria nacional y el sistema de transferencias intergubernamentales se estima para Colombia, donde los déficit aumentaron sustancialmente, tanto a nivel nacional como local después de que el proceso de descentralización se fortaleció en 1991.

Suggested Citation

  • Ligia Alba Melo-Becerra, 2015. "The role of the sub-national public sector in the stabilization function: Evidence from the Colombian case for the period 1990-2001," REVISTA FINANZAS Y POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, UNIVERSIDAD CATOLICA DE COLOMBIA, vol. 7(2), pages 299-324, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000443:014134
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Melo, Ligia, 2002. "The Flypaper Effect under Different Institutional Contexts: The Colombian Case," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 111(3-4), pages 317-345, June.
    2. Bayoumi, Tamim & Masson, Paul R, 1998. "Liability-Creating versus Non-liability-Creating Fiscal Stabilisation Policies: Ricardian Equivalence, Fiscal Stabilisation, and EMU," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 108(449), pages 1026-1045, July.
    3. Aurélie Cassette & Sonia Paty, 2010. "Fiscal decentralization and the size of government: a European country empirical analysis," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 143(1), pages 173-189, April.
    4. Richard M. Bird & Roy Bahl, 2008. "Subnational Taxes in Developing Countries: The Way Forward," Working Papers Series 16, Rotman Institute for International Business, Joseph L. Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto, revised Aug 2008.
    5. Ana María Iregui & Jorge Ramos & Luz Amparo Saavedra, 2001. "Análisis de la Descentralización Fiscal en Colombia," Borradores de Economia 175, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    6. Bayoumi, Tamim & Masson, Paul R., 1995. "Fiscal flows in the United States and Canada: Lessons for monetary union in Europe," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 39(2), pages 253-274, February.
    7. Jin, Jing & Zou, Heng-fu, 2002. "How does fiscal decentralization affect aggregate, national, and subnational government size?," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(2), pages 270-293, September.
    8. Maurice Obstfeld & Giovanni Peri, 1998. "Regional non-adjustment and fiscal policy," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 13(26), pages 205-259, April.
    9. Ignacio Lozano & Jorge Ramos & Hernán Rincón, 2007. "Implicaciones Fiscales y Sectoriales de la Reforma a las transferencias Territoriales en Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 002816, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
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    11. Lawrence Christiano & Martin Eichenbaum & Sergio Rebelo, 2011. "When Is the Government Spending Multiplier Large?," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 119(1), pages 78-121.
    12. Roberto Junguito & Ligia A. Melo & Martha A. Misas, 1995. "Descentralización y Finanzas Públicas: Colombia," ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE, vol. 14(27), pages 7-38, July.
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    Keywords

    Fiscal decentralization; stabilization; intergovernmental transfers; sub- national governments;

    JEL classification:

    • H7 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations
    • H77 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - Intergovernmental Relations; Federalism
    • E6 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook

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