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Fossil Fuel Subsidies, Income Inequality, And Poverty: Evidence From Developing Countries

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  • Cecile Couharde
  • Sara Mouhoud

Abstract

The past two decades have witnessed widespread attempts to reform fossil fuel subsidies in developing countries. If the reforms are likely to improve economic efficiency, the expected effects on income distribution and poverty are more controversial. This paper reviews the recent literature that examines the impacts of fossil fuel subsidies and their reforms on income inequality and poverty in developing countries. It identifies the different channels that have been explored in the literature and surveys the empirical evidence on the importance of these channels in practice. Drawing on diverse country experiences, it also discusses why fossil fuel subsidies are particularly challenging to reform and highlights several ways in which efforts to reform may be feasible and successful.

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  • Cecile Couharde & Sara Mouhoud, 2020. "Fossil Fuel Subsidies, Income Inequality, And Poverty: Evidence From Developing Countries," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 34(5), pages 981-1006, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jecsur:v:34:y:2020:i:5:p:981-1006
    DOI: 10.1111/joes.12384
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    Cited by:

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    2. Sakiru Adebola Solarin, 2022. "Modelling Two Dimensions of Poverty in Selected Developing Countries: The Impact of Fossil Fuel Subsidies," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 160(1), pages 357-379, February.
    3. Sumarno, Theresia B. & Sihotang, Parulian & Prawiraatmadja, Widhyawan, 2022. "Exploring Indonesia's energy policy failures through the JUST framework," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 164(C).
    4. Ozgur, Onder & Aydin, Levent & Karagol, Erdal Tanas & Ozbugday, Fatih Cemil, 2021. "The fuel price pass-through in Turkey: The case study of motor fuel price subsidy system," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 226(C).

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • H71 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty

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